Home / Government / Central Government News Tools: Save | Print | E-mail | Most Read | Comment
China won't privatize rural farmland
Adjust font size:

China will not end the decades-old policy on rural land ownership, which says that rural land is collectively owned by villagers instead of individual farmers, since the rule "meets the requirements of Chinese farmers for development."

"China has chosen it, due to a historic lesson," said Zheng Xinli, deputy director of the Research Institute of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, on Wednesday.

Zheng spoke at a press conference sponsored by the Information Office of the State Council, which invited the senior researcher to help explain interesting points in the Report of the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

Zheng told reporters that private ownership of land had persisted for thousands of years in China's feudal period, which had resulted in the fact that rural land turned out to be mostly owned by landlords, while peasants were impoverished and lost everything if they lost their land.

"It is the historic lesson," said Zheng, "China's socialist system and the Constitution have ensured the collective ownership for rural land."

Under the Property Law, houses owned by Chinese farmers legally belong to them. But farmers do not own farmland, although they have the right to use and manage it.

Currently, farmers have a 30-year land contract, officially known as the first-round contract. Upon completion of the first round, they can extend their contracts for another 30 years, Zheng said.

Government policy allows farmers to transfer their land and thus allow experienced farmers manage a larger area of cultivated land, to increase farming efficiency. Farmers who have let out their land under this kind of arrangement have turned to work in the industrial and tertiary sectors.

The Report proposes the establishment of markets for transfer of land management rights among farmers. It means that farmers not only have the rights to use and manage farmland, but also they would have the rights of transferring the rights to use and manage the land, Zheng noted.

(Xinhua News Agency December 27, 2007)

Tools: Save | Print | E-mail | Most Read
Pet Name
China Archives
Related >>
- China's solutions to shrinking farmland
- Returning farmland to forests to protect farmers' interests
- Gov't uncovers officials who misappropriate farmland
- Land loss threatens food safety
Most Viewed >>
Questions and Answers More
Q: What kind of law is there in place to protect pandas?
A: In order to put the protection of giant pandas and other wildlife under the law, the Chinese government put the protection of rare animals and plants into the Constitution.
Useful Info
- Who's Who in China's Leadership
- State Structure
- China's Political System
- China's Legislative System
- China's Judicial System
- Mapping out 11th Five-Year Guidelines
- Chinese Embassies
- International Department, Central Committee of CPC
- State Organs Work Committee of CPC
- United Front Work Department, Central Committee of CPC