(Adopted at the 21st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the
Seventh National People's Congress on September 4, 1991 and
promulgated by Order No.50 of the President of the People's
Republic of China on September 4, 1991)
Chapter I General
Chapter II Protection by the
Chapter III Protection by the School
Chapter IV Protection by the
Chapter V Judicial
Chapter VI Legal Responsibility
Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions
Article 1 This Law is enacted in accordance with the
Constitution for the purpose of protecting the physical and mental
health of minors, safeguarding their lawful rights and interests,
promoting their all-round development -- morally, intellectually
and physically, and training them into successors to the socialist
cause with lofty ideals, sound morality, better education and a
good sense of discipline.
Article 2 Minors as used in this Law refer to citizens under the
age of eighteen.
Article 3 The State, society, schools and families shall educate
minors in ideals, morality, culture, discipline and legal system as
well as in patriotism, collectivism, internationalism and
communism, foster among them the social ethics of loving the
motherland, the people, labour, science and socialism, and fight
against the corrosive influences of bourgeois, feudal and other
Article 4 The protection of minors shall follow the following
(1)safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of minors;
(2)respecting the personal dignity of minors;
(3)fitting in with the characteristics of minors' physical and
mental development; and
(4)combining education with protection.
Article 5 The State shall protect the rights of the person and
property as well as other lawful rights and interests of minors
To protect minors is the common responsibility of State organs,
armed forces, political parties, social organizations, enterprises
and institutions, self-governing organizations of mass character at
grass-roots levels in urban and rural areas, guardians of minors
and other adult citizens.
Any organization or individual shall have the right to dissuade
or stop any act encroaching upon the lawful rights and interests of
minors, or report to or complain before a department concerned
The State, society, schools and families shall educate and help
minors to safeguard their lawful rights and interests by legal
Article 6 State organs at the central and local levels shall,
within the scope of their functions and responsibilities, ensure
the protection of minors.
The State Council and the people's governments of the provinces,
autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central
Government shall adopt organizational measures according to needs
to coordinate the departments concerned in their efforts to ensure
the protection of minors.
The Communist Youth League organs, women's federations, trade
unions, youth federations, students' federations, young pioneers'
organizations and other social organizations shall assist the
people's governments at various levels in ensuring the protection
of minors and safeguarding their lawful rights and interests.
Article 7 The people's governments at various levels and
departments concerned shall give awards to organizations and
individuals that have made outstanding achievements in the
protection of minors.