Chinese Tea Culture
China is the hometown of tea. Tea processing and tea drinking have a history of several thousand years. Famous brands of tea assemble here, mainly including green tea, black tea, oolong tea, scented tea, white tea, yellow tea and dark tea. Tea has efficacy of fitness and curing disease, enjoys appreciative interests and cultivates people’s mind. Tea tasting and hospitality with tea are decorous entertainments and social activities of Chinese people. While drinking in teahouse and having tea party are social group tea art activities. Chinese tea art enjoys great popularity around the world, being introduced to Japan in the Tang Dynasty and formed Japanese tea ceremony there.
Silk is a symbol of Chinese ancient culture. Chinese old silk industry woven and embroidered glory history for Chinese art and culture, making an indelible contribution towards development of human civilization around the world. Chinese silk is famous for her excellent quality, delicate pattern and abundant cultural connotation.
China is a pioneer in the invention of china in the world, writing a brilliant page in human history. The invention of china is our country’s “The Fifth Invention”. Its achievements in technique and art spread various countries around the world and influence the development of china and culture deeply there, winning high reputation of “China Country”. China is the hometown of china. The invention of Chinese china is Chinese Nation’s great contribution to world civilization. In English, “china” also has the meaning of “China”. About the Middle of Shang Dynasty, the sixteenth B.C., China produced the early china. Due to its roughness both in body and firing technology of enamel layer and low firing temperature, showing primitiveness and transitivity, so it’s commonly called “proto-china”.
Painting and Calligraphy
Painting and Calligraphy is colloquialism for Calligraphy and Painting. Calligraphy refers to methods of brush writing, mainly are brush holding, brush using, trace, structure, distribution (position and composition) and other methods. There are five common fonts of calligraphy artistic work: regular script, running script, cursive script, official script and seal character. Chinese painting develops its own style in field of world art with long history and excellent tradition, referring to paint things on silk, cloth, thin silk, paper, and twill with brush, ink and color. They were not painted by normal people but famous painters in the history. Some paintings were not painted by famous painters, but they enjoy long history and are cultural relics, we should keep and document them.
China is the main country in the world rich in jade resource with a long history in exploiting, wide distribution and abundant contents. According to Holy Mountain, over 200 jade-yielding sites were scattered in China. After thousands of years’ exploitation, some jade mines have already become empty, but a few famous jade mines still are being mined in large quantities which provide the raw material in a steady stream for the further progress of Chinese jade carving art. For instance, Yiwulvshan Mountain in northeast in China described in Holy Mountain produces Zigexun. After thousands of years, this place remains the same name. Now it locates at Yingkou, Liaoning Province, yielding talc. The most famous jade in China is Hetian, Xinjiang. Hetian jade has the richest yield jade, the gorgeous color, the most excellent quality and the most expensive price. It’s an important source of Chinese jade raw material in ancient times. The imperial families loved to use Hetian jade to make jade-grinder. The earliest old Silk Road is Jade Road, formed by expanding toward west later. Besides Hetian jade, Jiuquan Jade from Gansu, Lantian Jade from Shaanxi, Dushan Jade and Mixian Jade from Nanyang, Henan, Xiuyan Jade from Liaoning and others are common raw materials of Chinese jade. For Chinese people, jade is out of common. It has already surpassed simple category of single taxology and become inner resource of Chinese Nation’s ethic group.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
At the mention of Chinese medicine culture, it has very plentiful charm because of its long history with thousands of years. However, neither Chinese nor foreigners have comprehensive and deep understanding to its plentiful cultural connotation which leads to some wrong cognition. The fundamental cause roots in that we haven’t work hard enough to research and publicize Chinese medicine culture ever since a long time. If things continue in this way, it’s unfavorable for inheritance, development and popularity of Chinese medicine undoubtedly. Chinese medicine is generally called “Medicinal Herbs”. The earliest monograph of Science of Chinese Pharmacology in our country is Shen Nong's Materia Medica in Han Dynasty. Newly-Revised Materia Medica published by the government in Tang Dynasty is the earliest pharmacopoeia in the world. In Ming Dynasty, Li Shizhen’s Compendium of Material Medica summarizes herbal experience of the former sixteen centuries and makes a great contribution to the development of pharmacology.
Classics of Traditional Chinese Medicine
The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine Shen Nong's Materia Medica Compendium of Material Medica