In accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Adoption
Law of the People's Republic of China, the following persons can be
placed out as adoptees: orphans under the age of l4 bereaved of
parents; abandoned infants and children whose biological parents
cannot be ascertained or found; and children whose biological
parents are unable to rear them due to unusual difficulties.
"By orphans bereaved of parents" is defined as children whose
parents are dead or announced dead by the people's court.
"By abandoned infants or children whose parents cannot be
ascertained or found" is defined as infants and children abandoned
by their biological parents or whose biological parents cannot be
ascertained or found.
"By children whose parents are unable to rear them due to
unusual difficulties" is meant to indicate that the biological
parents cannot rear their children because the parents are disabled
or suffering from serious illness or whose life is extremely
difficult caused by other elements.
(China-ccaa.org October 16, 2006)