Top 10 greatest inventions of ancient China

By Lin Liyao
0 Comment(s)Print E-mail China.org.cn, March 4, 2011
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China's long history has seen many extremely important inventions emerge. Besides the four most famous inventions - papermaking, moveable-type printing, gunpowder and the compass, how many other creations do you know? China.org.cn has selected the top 10 greatest inventions in ancient China to help you learn more about Chinese history and culture.

   Alcohol

 

The earliest alcohol makers in Chinese legend were Yi Di and Du Kang of the Xia Dynasty (about 2000 BC-1600 BC). [hudong.com]

The earliest alcohol makers in Chinese legend were Yi Di and Du Kang of the Xia Dynasty (about 2000 BC-1600 BC). [hudong.com]

The earliest alcohol makers in Chinese legend were Yi Di and Du Kang of the Xia Dynasty (about 2000 BC-1600 BC). Research shows that ordinary beer, with an alcoholic content of 4% to 5%, was widely consumed in ancient China and was even mentioned on oracle bone inscriptions as offerings to spirits during sacrifices in the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC–1046 BC). After that, Chinese discovered that adding more cooked grain in water during fermentation could increase the alcohol content, so stronger drinks began to appear. Around 1000 BC, the Chinese created an alcoholic beverage which was stronger than 11%. The potent libation was mentioned in poetry throughout the Zhou Dynasty (1050 BC–256 BC). Meanwhile, no beer in the West reached 11% until the 12th century, when distilled alcohol was first made in Italy.

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