The largest Lama temple in China: Zhaibung Monastery in Lhasa,
also the highest above sea level.
The highest highway in China: Xinjiang-Tibet Highway, which
starts in Yecheng, Xinjiang and ends in Gar County in Ngari
Prefecture, running through the Kunlun and Gangdise mountains,
about 6,700 meters above sea level.
World's largest gilded copper seated Buddha: Qamba Buddha in
Tashilhunpo Monastery, Xigaze.
The first Tibetan to conquer Mount Qomolangma (also known as Mt
Everest): Gangbung who, together with Wang Fuzhou and Qu Yinhua,
successfully climbed the highest mountain in the world on May 25,
The mammal living at the highest altitude in China: Tibetan
World's largest ichthyosaur fossil: collected from Tingri
The highest flying bird in China: a kind of vulture on Mount
The highest altitude snake in China: hot spring snake in
Yangbajain, Damxung County.
The oldest cypress in China: growing in Nyingchi County, Tibet.
World's highest altitude tree fossil: discovered in the Mount
World's highest mountain:
Mount Qomolangma (Mt Everest).
World's largest mountain range: the Himalayas.
China's highest plateau: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, also the highest
and youngest plateau in the world.
World's highest altitude sand geomorphology: Barchan in the
Mayuan River valley on the upper reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo
The highest altitude river in China: Yarlung Zangbo River.
The highest altitude saltwater lake in China:
Nam Co located between the counties of Damxung and
World's highest altitude freshwater lake:
The largest geothermal lake in China: located in the Yangbajain
The highest altitude hot springs in China: hot springs at the
foot of the West Mountain in the area of the Qinghai-Tibet
Geographical region with the largest number of lakes in China:
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. There are about 1,500 lakes there.
Geographical region with the largest number of saltwater lakes:
The city with richest resources of solar energy:
The area with the lowest average annual temperature in China:
northern Tibet. It is winter there all year round.
The area with the lowest temperature in summer in China:
Northern Tibetan Plateau.
World's largest glacier: Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau glacier. Its
water reserve is equal to the total annual runoff of 75 Yellow
Rivers. The thickest part of the glacier is 1,000-1,200 meters.
World's highest altitude coalmine: Moincer Coalmine.
World's longest epic poem: King
Gesar, one of the three most famous epic poems of China's
The first picture scroll depicting exchanges between China's
ethnic groups: Sedan Chair by Yan Liping, a Tang Dynasty
painter. It shows Tang Emperor Taizong meeting the Tubo Kingdom
envoy who came to take Princess Wencheng to Tibet.
The highest altitude palace in the world:
Potala Place in Lhasa.
The highest altitude city in China: Lhasa, 3,650 meters above
The highest altitude monastery in the world: Rongbo Monastery in
Tingri County, 5,100 meters above sea level.
The highest altitude ruins of an ancient kingdom in the world:
site of Guge Kingdom.
(China.org.cn September 5, 2007)