China's procurator-general Tuesday said in Beijing that Chinese
procuratorial organs approved arrests of 891,620 criminal suspects
and prosecuted 999,086 people in 2006, which helped create a sound
legal environment for the country's economic and social
"We have continued to give priority to maintaining social
stability and cracking down on criminal offenses," said Jia Chunwang, procurator-general of the Supreme
People's Procuratorate (SPP), in a report on the SPP's work in the
To strike hard on mafia-like criminal cliques, the procuratorial
organs issued a total of 18,446 arrest warrants to people suspected
of getting involved in such cliques, and prosecuted 8,343 such
people, Jia told the nearly 3,000 lawmakers attending the annual
full session of the National People's Congress, China's top
A number of government employees were investigated and punished
for having served as a "safety umbrella" for the criminal cliques,
said the procurator-general, without giving the specific
The procuratorial organs also strengthened judicial protection
of intellectual property rights (IPR) last year, approving the
arrests of 3,729 people suspected of IPR violations and prosecuting
3,634, an increase of 16.7 percent and 12.6 percent respectively
over the previous year.
The procuratorial organs also approved the arrests of 7,974
people suspected of damaging the environment and resources, and
prosecuted 12,240, up 15.4 percent and 24.8 percent respectively,
According to the top prosecutor, 40,041 government employees
were probed by prosecutors in 2006 for 33,669 cases involving
corruption, bribery and dereliction of duty, of whom 29,966 were
brought to court.
The procuratorial organs investigated a total of 18,241 major
job-related criminal cases, 623 of them each involving graft and
bribery of more than 1 million yuan (US$128,000).
Last year, Jia said, Chinese prosecutors investigated 2,736
government officials above the county level, including 202 at the
prefecture level and six at the provincial or ministerial
In a report on the work of the Supreme People's Court delivered
to the lawmakers prior to Jia's report, top judge Xiao Yang said Chinese courts sentenced 825
government officials above the county level, including 9
provincial- and ministerial-level officials, after convicting them
of job-related crimes in the past year.
The procuratorial organs also collaborated with the police to
apprehend 1,670 fugitives suspected of job-related crimes in 2006,
a sharp increase of 137.6 percent year on year, Jia said.
Crackdown on commercial bribery was intensified in 2006, he
said, adding that a total of 9,582 commercial bribery cases
involving government employees were investigated, involving more
than 1.5 billion yuan (US$193,626).
As a result of tightened legal supervision over the litigation
process, the procuratorial organs in 2006 corrected illegally
prolonged detention cases involving 233 people, and lodged 3,161
protests against wrong criminal verdicts of the court.
"A total of 2,987 judicial workers were probed for power abuse
and taking bribes," said the procurator-general.
Jia spoke highly of the convening of first annual conference of
the International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities
(IAACA) in China last October.
The SPP was one of the sponsors for the launching of the IAACA,
which would play as a "new platform for our country's international
cooperation in the fight against corruption," Jia told the
The procuratorial organs handled a total of 477,596 petitions
submitted through letters and visits from the general public in
Jia went on to point out problems that remain in the work of
Chinese procuratorial organs.
"The role of procuratorial organs in exercising legal
supervision was not brought into full play, while some problems
concerning unfair law enforcement remained unsettled," he said.
Jia promised that this year the procuratorial organs will
earnestly perform their duty of legal supervision and put
themselves under the scrutiny of people's congresses at all levels
and the whole society.
China's Judicial Work in 2006
China's Procuratorial Work in 2006
(Xinhua News Agency March 13, 2007)