China plans to submit three ancient porcelain kiln ruins as
candidates for inclusion on UNESCO's world cultural heritage
The three kiln ruins, all located in central China's Henan
Province, are the Ruyao kiln in Baofeng, the Junyao kiln in
Yuzhou and a kiln in Gongyi.
"The three porcelain kiln ruins are well known, as they produced
valuable porcelain items in ancient times and their works are very
rare now," said Chang Jianchuan, director of the Henan Cultural
Ruyao kiln is known worldwide for its beautiful celadon.
Built in the early Song dynasty (AD 960 - 1279), Ruyao kiln made
porcelain goods especially for the emperor and royal family. Only
about 70 of the pieces made there survived the centuries of war in
Archeologists have found in the kiln a considerable number of
shards that are vital to research on the ancient porcelain
Juyao porcelain kiln was also a supplier of the imperial
household, built during the Northern Song dynasty (960 - 1127). It
was noted for its special painting and glazing techniques. Only 36
items were made there every year, and people outside the royal
family were banned from possessing them.
The kiln ruin in Gongyi was the first in China to produce the
splendid tricolor Tang dynasty (AD 618 – 907) Sancai pottery
Archeologists also unearthed pieces of Tang dynasty Qinghua
porcelain, a type featuring blue-and-white designs.
The discovery has settled a long-standing dispute about when
Qinghua porcelains were first made, said Sun Xinmin, head of the
Institute of Culture Relics and Archeology of Henan Province.
(Xinhua News Agency April 1, 2004)