China's per unit GDP energy consumption fell 1.23 percent in
2006, official figures released today show.
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said energy consumption
per 10,000 yuan (US$1,292.3) of GDP amounted to 1.21 tons of coal
equivalent in the year. This is the first time the NBS released
figures on China's energy consumption per unit GDP.
The Chinese government set a goal of reducing energy consumption
per unit GDP by 20 percent in the five-year period from 2006 to 2010, with the
goal for 2006 at 4 percent.
Even though the projected target was not reached, the decrease
can still be seen as a small victory. This is the first time
for China to see an annual decline in its energy consumption per
unit GDP since 2003, despite a 0.8 percent rise in the index in the
first half of last year.
According to preliminary estimates by the NBS, China consumed a
total of 2.46 billion tons of coal equivalent in 2006, up 9.3
percent from a year earlier.
China saw an increase in its total energy consumption in 2006.
The consumption included 2.37 billion tons of coal, up 9.6 percent
year on year; 320 million tons of crude oil, up 7.1 percent; 55.6
billion cubic meters of natural gas, up 19.9 percent; 416.7 billion
kilowatt-hours of hydropower, up 5 percent; and 54.3 billion
kilowatt-hours of nuclear power, up 2.4 percent.
In 2006 China's consumption of steel products rose 17.2 percent
to 450 million tons; but its consumption of copper fell 4 percent
to 3.72 million tons. Its consumption of other materials included
aluminium, up 32.1 percent to 8.65 million tons; ethylene, up 23.9
percent to 9.39 million tons; and cement, up 14.5 percent to 1.2
(Xinhua News Agency February 28, 2007)