Home / Business / News Tools: Save | Print | E-mail | Most Read | Comment
China's forex reserve tops US$1.53 trillion
Adjust font size:

China's foreign exchange reserve had reached 1.53 trillion U.S. dollars by the end of 2007, up 43.3 percent from 2006, the People's Bank of China announced Friday.

A total of 461.9 billion U.S. dollars was added to the country's forex reserve in 2007, said the central bank.

In December alone, the forex reserve rose by 31.3 billion U.S. dollars.

China's forex reserve maintained a sharp growth in 2007, reaching 1.2 trillion U.S. dollars by the end of March, 1.33 trillion U.S. dollars by the end of June, and 1.43 trillion U.S. dollars by the end of September.

China's soaring trade surplus is the major factor contributing to the forex reserve boom.

Data newly released by the General Administration of Customs show that China's trade surplus surged to a record 262.2 billion U.S. dollars in 2007, representing a 47.7 percent growth over a year earlier.

The huge forex reserve is considered the main reason for excess liquidity in China, as the central bank has to spend quantities of basic money to purchase foreign exchange, thus aggravating the problem of surplus fluidity.

By the end of 2007, the M2 -- a broad measure of money supply, which indicates the monetary demand of the whole country and possible inflation -- grew by 16.72 percent from a year ago to 40.34 trillion yuan.

The growth rate is 0.22 percentage points lower than that by the end of 2006, but still higher than the target growth of 16 percent set by the central bank at the beginning of 2007.

A total amount of 330.3 billion yuan was poured into the market in 2007, 26.2 billion yuan more than 2006.

On the other hand, continuous growth of the forex reserve has in fact increased the pressure on appreciation of the Chinese currency, which in turn has exerted greater pressure on value preservation of China's forex reserve.

The value of the Chinese RMB against the U.S. dollar has appreciated by more than six percent in 2007. The central parity rate of the RMB was 7.2672 to the U.S dollar Friday.

In a move to make better use of the country's huge forex reserve, China established the China Investment Corporate Ltd. (CIC), the country's state forex investment company, in 2007.

The state-owned investment company will invest in overseas financial markets.

The registered capital of 200 billion U.S. dollars of the CIC all comes from the forex reserve of the country, which have been poured into the company so far.

According to data released by the central bank, RMB loans increased by 3.63 trillion yuan in 2007, 1.14 times of the growth in 2006.

Tightening credit growth has become a major target of the government's macro-control policies in 2007.

Against a series of monetary tightening measures including interest rate hike and deposit reserve requirement ratio rise, growth of RMB loans began to slow down in the last two months of 2007.

China's central bank raised the deposit reserve requirement ratio ten times and the benchmark interest rate six times in 2007.

According to the central bank, RMB loans increased by 48.5 billion yuan in December alone, 172 billion yuan less than the same month of 2006.

Data showed that household savings, savings mainly from Chinese residents, rose by 1.13 trillion yuan in 2007, only 54 percent of the increase of 2006.

China's booming mainland A-share market is the major factor distracting people from saving.

The RMB deposit balance was 38.94 trillion yuan at the end of 2007, up 16.07 from a year earlier, said the central bank.

(Xinhua News Agency January 12, 2008)

Tools: Save | Print | E-mail | Most Read
Pet Name
China Archives
Related >>
- Reserves Set to Surpass US$1 Trillion
- New Body Approved to Manage Forex Reserves: Report
- Forex checks vowed
- Yuan climbs most since China ended dollar link
Most Viewed >>

Nov. 1-2 Tianjin World Shipping (China) Summit
Nov. 7-9 Guangzhou Recycling Metals International Forum
Nov. 27-28 Beijing China-EU Summit
Dec. 12-13 Beijing China-US Strategic Economic Dialogue

- Output of Major Industrial Products
- Investment by Various Sectors
- Foreign Direct Investment by Country or Region
- National Price Index
- Value of Major Commodity Import
- Money Supply
- Exchange Rate and Foreign Exchange Reserve
- What does the China-Pakistan Free Trade Agreement cover?
- How to Set up a Foreign Capital Enterprise in China?
- How Does the VAT Works in China?
- How Much RMB or Foreign Currency Can Be Physically Carried Out of or Into China?
- What Is the Electrical Fitting in China?