SCIO briefing on China's nuclear emergency preparedness

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Xu Dazhe, director of the China Atomic Energy Authority, director general of the State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND), and deputy director of theNational Nuclear Emergency Coordination Committee (CNNECC)

Hu Kaihong, vice director-general of the Press Bureau, State Council Information Office

Jan.27, 2016


China's nuclear power has progressed rapidly in recent years. It is known by all that honorable achievements have been made both at home and abroad. Therefore, may I ask Mr. Xu to introduce the scale and technology of China's nuclear plants and their current phases? Thank you.

Xu Dazhe:

As nuclear power is a clean, efficient and quality green resource, the development of nuclear plants has composed an integral part of China's undertaking in view of the nuclear energy sector. To mirror what you mentioned, nuclear power in China has made rapid progress. It is true that the momentum of the development of nuclear power in the country is exceptional. I'll give you several statistics as further explanation. Currently, the Chinese mainland owns 30 nuclear generating units in operation with the installed capacity of 28.31 GWe and 24 units in construction with an installed capacity totaling 26.72 GMe. Last year saw eight units approved, six units begin construction and eight units commence operation, among which six units have been directed to commercial use. That is a summary of the general situation last year.

The number of China's nuclear generating units under construction is ranked highest in the world. Meanwhile, the rank of the units in operation ascended from sixth to fourth in view of ongoing operation, as some units stopped running after the incident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. Those statistics are provided in view of scale, whereas the technology of the nuclear plants in China has kept abreast with those of the major countries in the world. The nuclear generating units put into operation in China are generally second or second-plus generation. However, construction is now transferring to the third generation. The nuclear generating unit, Hualong One, which was developed by domestic technology, has started construction in both China and foreign countries. It has won recognition throughout the entire world. We are also in the process of developing the nuclear generating units classified as fourth generation together with the construction of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor. All in all, the technology of nuclear plants in China is similar to those of the world's major countries.

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