Liu Shaoqi was a Chinese Communist leader and President of the People's Republic of China from April 27, 1959 to October 31, 1968.
In the winter of 1920, he was sent with a group of students to the Soviet Union and received his university education at the University of the Toilers of the East (Far Eastern University) in Moscow. In July 1921 the Chinese Communist Party held its First National Congress in Shanghai, and Liu, who was still abroad, joined the Moscow branch.
The University of the Toilers of the East in Moscow was built in May of 1921 by the Communist International, aiming at training cadres for the Communist Party of colonial and semi-colonial countries in the East.
In Moscow, regardless of foreign language barriers and the stressful economic situation, Liu Shaoqi and other Chinese students repeatedly studied the Declaration of the Communist Party and Lenin's writings, and comprehensively learned communist theory.
In 1922, Liu Shaoqi returned to China and started to actively participate in the Chinese revolution and the establishment of the new China. Liu's education and his extensive experience abroad later made him one of the most cosmopolitan Chinese leaders.