Mao Zedong Thought is a scientific ideological system developed by a group of earlier revolutionaries of the Communist Party of China, represented by Mao Zedong. Based on the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism, the system summarizes the rich and unique experiences that China has gained through its long-term practice of revolution and construction. It well fits China's specific conditions.
Major components of Mao Zedong Thought include:
1. People's war: The armed branch of the party must not be distinct from the masses. To conduct a successful revolution, the needs and demands of the masses must be the most important issues.
2. New Democracy: In so called backward countries, socialism cannot be introduced before the country has gone through a period in which the material conditions improve. This cannot be done by the bourgeoisie, as its progressive character is long since replaced by a regressive character.
3. Contradictions as the most important feature of society: Society is dominated by a wide range of contradictions. As they are different in nature, they must be handled in different ways. The most important divide is the divide between contradictions among the masses and contradictions between the masses and their enemies.
4. Three Worlds Theory: During the Cold War, two imperialist states formed the "first world"; the United States and the Soviet Union. The second world consisted of the other imperialist states in their spheres of influence. The third world consisted of the non-imperialist countries. Both the first and the second world exploit the third world, but the first world is the most aggressive part. The workers in the first and second world are "bought up" by imperialism, preventing socialist revolution. The people of the third world, on the other hand, have not even a short-sighted interest in the prevailing circumstances. Hence revolution is most likely to appear in third world countries, which again will weaken imperialism opening up for revolutions in other countries too.
(Courtesy of CRI and Wikipedia)