NPC FAQs

What is the legislative process of the NPC?
The Presidium of the National People's Congress may introduce a bill to the National People's Congress for due consideration during its current session.
What is the nature of the NPC?
The People's Congress system is China's fundamental political system. The Constitution stipulates that all power in the People's Republic of China belongs to the people and the organs through which the people exercise state power are the National People's Congress and the local people's congresses. They are established through democratic elections.
What happens at the delegation meetings?
Delegation meetings usually take one of two forms, plenary meetings and group meetings.
How does the NPC relate to other state organs?
The National People's Congress represents the highest level of state power.
What happens at a plenary session of the NPC?
Delegation meetings usually take one of two forms, plenary meetings and group meetings.
How long do members of the NPC Standing Committee serve?
How long do members of the NPC Standing Committee serve?
The term of office for members of the Standing Committee is five years and corresponds with the tenure of members of the NPC itself. The Chair and Vice Chairs may not serve more than two consecutive terms.
How are delegation heads, deputy heads and convenors of groups of deputies elected and what are their responsibilities?
According to the NPC Rules of Procedure, the heads and deputy heads of the various NPC delegations are elected at the plenary sessions of their delegations. To be eligible for election they must be deputies to the National People's Congress.
Can members of the NPC Standing Committee also serve in state administrative, judicial or procuratorial bodies?
No, this is not permitted under the Constitution.
How is the NPC Presidium elected and who are its members?
The Presidium plays a leading role in organizing the work of the NPC and provides the chairs of meetings. Its members are elected from among the deputies at a preliminary meeting.
How often are NPC sessions held and who convenes them?
In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, NPC sessions are held annually and are convened by the NPC Standing Committee.
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