In the 50
years since the founding of the PRC, culture and art have experienced
many ups and downs. Soon after the founding of the PRC, culture
and art started to develop smoothly, and remarkable achievements
were made. However, beginning in the late 1950s, especially during
the ten years of the “cultural revolution,” culture and art suffered
enormously, and literary and artistic productivity was greatly hampered.
initiation of the reform and opening policies in 1978, cultural
and artistic work has made a sturdy revival. Since 1987, China has
regularly held the Chinese Art Festival to introduce outstanding
literary and art works. The cultural market is developing rapidly,
and breakthroughs have been made in the construction of cultural
acrobatics, songs, dances, Peking opera, local operas and symphonies
have been well received in many countries. Exhibitions of Chinese
cultural relics and handicrafts attract swarms of visitors wherever
in the world they are staged.