The Tibet Autonomous Region has a total population of 2.61 million with 92 percent belonging to the Tibetan ethnic group. The social, economic, historical and geographical conditions of Tibet are very special.
The Tibet Autonomous Region was established in September, 1965. Under the leadership of the Chinese central government, Tibet enjoys regional autonomy.
Currently, policies and rights implemented in Tibet include: regional legislative authority empowered by the State, the right to use and develop the Tibetan language, and the administrative right of regional economic development.
Since the 1980s, a series of preferential policies have been implemented in Tibet, such as agricultural tax exemptions in agricultural and pastoral areas.
The autonomous region is permitted to protect, develop and utilize local natural resources. The import and export tax rate in the region is lower than the national standard rate.
Policies encouraging the local handicraft industry and private sectors are practiced in the region.
China attaches importance to education in Tibet. Children in farming and pastoral areas receive education free of charge.
The family planning policy is only advocated among government employees of the autonomous region. There are no restrictions on birth among farmers and herdsmen. Residents in Tibet are provided with free medical services.