China's Independent Foreign Policy of Peace
China's Independent Foreign Policy of Peace
China unswervingly pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. The fundamental goals of this policy are to preserve China's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, create a favorable international environment for its reform and opening up and modernization drive, maintain world peace and propel common development. The main content of this policy includes:
2. China opposes hegemonism and preserves
3. China actively facilitates the
establishment of a new international political and economic order that
is fair and rational.
4. China is ready to establish and
develop friendly relations of cooperation with all countries on the basis
of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-aggression,
non-interference in each other's internal affair, equality and mutual
benefits, and peaceful coexistence.
5. China pursues a policy of all-dimensional
opening up to the outside world. It is ready to develop, on the basis
of equality and mutual benefit, extensive trade relations, economic and
technological cooperation and scientific and cultural exchanges with other
countries and regions around the world, so as to promote common prosperity.
6. China takes an active part in
multilateral diplomatic activities and is a staunch force in preserving
world peace and facilitating common development.
As a permanent member of the UN Security
Council, China actively participates in political solution of regional
hot spots. China's peacekeepers have joined UN-sponsored operations. China
supports the reform of the UN and a continued important role of the UN
and other multilateral organs in international affairs. China is firmly
opposed to all forms of terrorism and has made important contributions
to international anti-terrorist cooperation.
China devotes itself actively to
pushing forward the cause of international arms control, disarmament and
non-proliferation. With regard to non-proliferation, China has all along
strictly abided by its international obligations and made active efforts
in legislation on non-proliferation. It issued China's Non-Proliferation
Policy and Measures white paper in December 2003.
By the end of 2003, China has established
diplomatic relations with 164 countries. Because the Kiribati Government
established so-called "diplomatic relations" with Taiwan and obstinately
acted to make "two Chinas" regardless of China-Kiribati friendly relations
and oppositions from various sides in Kiribati, which has severely damaged
Sino-Kiribati relations and bilateral friendship, the Chinese Government
decided to cease diplomatic relations with Kiribati on November 29, 2003,
and since then, implementation of all agreements between the two governments
New Leadership's Debut on the International Stage
At the First Session of the 10th
National People's Congress (NPC) held in Beijing in March 2003, a new
leadership of the country was elected. Just during that period, the whole
country was stricken by SARS. Some leaders or delegations of other countries
canceled or postponed their visits to China, and some international conferences
to be held in China had to be rescheduled. The Chinese Government fully
understood and respected such decisions. According to statistics, 19 countries
adjusted the time of their high-level visits to China during that time.
China's new leadership made its first
appearance on international occasions at the SARS period.
From May 26 to June 5, 2003, President
Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Russia, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. He also
attended the Third Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in
Moscow, celebrations marking the 300th anniversary of Russian city St.
Petersburg and the South-North leaders' informal dialogue meeting in French
spa town Evian. In 11 days, President Hu met with more than 50 leaders
of countries of Europe, Asia and Africa.
On April 29, Premier Wen Jiabao headed
a delegation to attend the China-ASEAN leaders' special meeting on SARS
in Bangkok, capital of Thailand.
Since the beginning of 2003, the
international situation has been changing profoundly. As a new international
structure has not yet been formed, major forces in the international community
have stepped up their reorganization and redistribution of interests,
and adjustment of relations among big powers are accelerated.
Given the complicated and changing
international situation, the Chinese leaders remain calm-minded in observing
and dealing with various challenges. In a spirit of mutual respect and
seeking common grounds while reserving differences, they focus on seizing
and making full use of the current important period of strategic opportunities,
and pay great attention to properly handling relations between the arguments
to build a multi-polar or a single-polar world, between accelerating domestic
development and meeting challenges arising from economic globalization,
and between defending fundamental interests of the Chinese nation and
people and prompting the common interests of the mankind. Through a series
of bilateral or multilateral diplomatic activities, the country firmly
seizes the initiative in dealing with the complicated international situation
and the complexities of international affairs.