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Law of the People's Republic of China on Protection of Minors
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(Adopted at the 21st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress  on September 4, 1991 and promulgated by Order No.50 of the President of the People's Republic of China on September 4, 1991)


Chapter I    General Provisions

Chapter II   Protection by the Family

Chapter III  Protection by the School

Chapter IV   Protection by the Society

Chapter V    Judicial Protection

Chapter VI   Legal Responsibility

Chapter VII  Supplementary Provisions


Chapter I

General Provisions

Article 1 This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution for the purpose of protecting the physical and mental health of minors, safeguarding their lawful rights and interests, promoting their all-round development -- morally, intellectually and physically, and training them into successors to the socialist cause with lofty ideals, sound morality, better education and a good sense of discipline.

Article 2 Minors as used in this Law refer to citizens under the age of eighteen.

Article 3 The State, society, schools and families shall educate minors in ideals, morality, culture, discipline and legal system as well as in patriotism, collectivism, internationalism and communism, foster among them the social ethics of loving the motherland, the people, labour, science and socialism, and fight against the corrosive influences of bourgeois, feudal and other decadent ideologies.

Article 4 The protection of minors shall follow the following principles:

(1)safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of minors;

(2)respecting the personal dignity of minors; 

(3)fitting in with the characteristics of minors' physical and mental development; and

(4)combining education with protection.

Article 5 The State shall protect the rights of the person and property as well as other lawful rights and interests of minors from violation.

To protect minors is the common responsibility of State organs, armed forces, political parties, social organizations, enterprises and institutions, self-governing organizations of mass character at grass-roots levels in urban and rural areas, guardians of minors and other adult citizens.

Any organization or individual shall have the right to dissuade or stop any act encroaching upon the lawful rights and interests of minors, or report to or complain before a department concerned thereagainst.

The State, society, schools and families shall educate and help minors to safeguard their lawful rights and interests by legal means.

Article 6 State organs at the central and local levels shall, within the scope of their functions and responsibilities, ensure the protection of minors.

The State Council and the people's governments of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall adopt organizational measures according to needs to coordinate the departments concerned in their efforts to ensure the protection of minors.

The Communist Youth League organs, women's federations, trade unions, youth federations, students' federations, young pioneers' organizations and other social organizations shall assist the people's governments at various levels in ensuring the protection of minors and safeguarding their lawful rights and interests.

Article 7 The people's governments at various levels and departments concerned shall give awards to organizations and individuals that have made outstanding achievements in the protection of minors.

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