China will establish more nature reserves in an effort to
preserve its rich natural resources and biodiversity, said Zhu
Lieke, deputy director of the State Forestry Administration (SFA)
By 2020, the SFA will directed 2,300 nature reserves specially
for the protection of forest, wild animals and other natural
resources, with a combined area of 140 million hectares, or 14.5
percent of China's total land area, Zhu told a Beijing press
conference. These nature reserves will protect 95 percent of the
country's total plant types and wild animal species under state key
protection and all the country's typical ecological systems, Zhu
said. The country will have more than 600 wetland nature reserves
by 2020, protecting more than 60 percent of its total natural
wetlands, he said.
China has planted 53.3 million hectares of forests in the past
58 years,more than any other country in the world, with forestry
coverage rate rising from 8.6 percent to 18.2 percent, according to
the administration. China also aims to raise forestry coverage to
20 percent by 2010 and 23 percent by 2020, said Zhu. The SFA
figures show that the current number of nature reserves directed by
the administration stands at about 1,740, accounting for 12.6
percent of the country's total land area.
China has established 470 wetland nature reserves and more than
30 pieces of wetland were designated as "Wetlands of International
Importance" in the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, an
intergovernmental treaty signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971.
The treaty provides the framework for national action and
international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of
wetlands and their resources.
(Xinhua News Agency December 4, 2007)