On November 9, 1989, Deng Xiaoping's application for resigning from the post of Chairman of the Central Military Commission was approved at the fifth plenary session of the 13th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Deng Xiaoping (August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and a recent leader of the CPC. He pioneered "socialism with Chinese characteristics" and Chinese economic reform, also known as the "socialist market economy," and opened China to the global market.
Deng is also credited with improving Chinese relations with the West.
During Deng's leadership, agreements were signed to return both Hong Kong and Macao to Chinese sovereignty.