According to statistics from the Fair Trade Bureau under the Ministry of Commerce, a total of 30 anti-dumping cases, involving US$5.9 billion worth imported products, have been proposed by Chinese enterprises. Preliminary or final rulings have been made on 23 of the cases.
China's anti-dumping investigation has the following characteristics:
First, the country's anti-dumping investigation work has been strengthened since China's entry into the WTO. Import is steadily increasing after the continuous reduction of tariff and trade barriers.
Second, anti-dumping cases are mostly in industries in which China reports trade deficit. The alleged dumping products concentrate on raw materials, including that concerning chemical industry and chemical fiber (23 cases), steel (three cases), paper-making (three cases) and optical fiber (one case).
Third, the targeted trade partners are South Korea, Japan, Taiwan Province, the United States, European Union, Russia, etc. Among them, South Korea, Japan, and China's Taiwan Province all report trade surplus against Chinese Mainland, so the trade friction usually causes anti-dumping investigation; the United States, EU, Russia, who are China's main trade partners, might have possibly used their advantages to dump their products to China.
The Chinese government promulgated anti-dumping and anti-subsidy regulations in 1997. The latest amendment will take effect as of June 1st.
(China.org.cn by Tang Fuchun May 31, 2004)