1. When is the National Party Congress held?
2. What are the functions and powers of the National Party Congress?
3. How many plenary sessions will be held during one National Party Congress?
4. Which institution will carry the major responsibilities while the Congress is in session, and which institution will carry the major responsibilities while the Congress is not in session?
5. What is the alternate membership of the CPC Central Committee? How are the alternate members elected?
6. How is the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee elected?
7. What is the membership of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection?
8. What is the presidium of the National Congress of Communist Party of China?
9. What is Socialism with Chinese Characteristics?
10. What is the Mao Zedong Thought?
11. What is the Important Thought of Three Represents?
12. What are China's Democratic Parties?
13. What is the CPC-led Multi-party Cooperation and Political Consultation System?
14. What is the 11th Five-Year Program (2006-2010)?
15. What is the Western Development?
16. What is the Rejuvenation of Northeast China's Industrial Bases?
17. What is the Rise of Central China?
18. What is cycling economy?
19. 17th CPC National Congress in Brief
20. CPC in Brief
When is the National Party Congress held?
The National Party Congress is the Party's legislature and supreme leading authority. The Party's Constitution stipulates that the National Party Congress is held once every five years and convened by the Central Committee. The Congress may be held ahead of schedule if and when the Central Committee deems it necessary, or over one-third of the provincial-level organizations express a demand. However, providing there are no special circumstances, the National Congress shall never be postponed. The number of delegates to the National Party Congress and the method of election are decided by the Central Committee.
What are the functions and powers of the National Party Congress?
The Party's Constitution stipulates that the National Party Congress has the following functions and powers:
(1) To hear and examine the reports of the Central Committee
(2) To hear and examine the reports of the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection
(3) To discuss and decide on major issues of the Party
(4) To revise the Party Constitution
(5) To elect the Central Committee
(6) To elect the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection
How many plenary sessions will be held during one National Party Congress?
A plenary session of the Central Committee is a meeting composed of all the full members and alternate members of the Central Committee. During the National Party Congress, the newly elected Central Committee will convene its first plenary session to elect the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and its Standing Committee, and to elect the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee. The General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee must be elected from members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau. Each National Congress usually holds one plenary session. After the initial plenary session, the Central Committee usually holds at least one plenary session annually which is convened by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee.
Six plenary sessions of the Central Committee have been held since the 15th National Party Congress. The first plenary session was held to elect the members of the central leading body. The second plenary session deliberated and passed the list of names recommended by the Central Committee for the leadership of state authorities, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and the Proposals of the State Council on Institutional Reform. The third plenary session addressed issues related to agriculture and rural work. The fourth plenary session addressed issues concerning reform and development of state-owned enterprises. The fifth plenary session discussed the 10th five-year plan for national economic and social development. The sixth plenary session focused on the construction of Party's operational approach. It carries further the spirits of the 15th National Party Congress and at the same time prepares for the coming 16th National Congress.
Which institution will carry the major responsibilities while the Congress is in session, and which institution will carry the major responsibilities while the Congress is not in session?
When the National Party Congress is in session, the Presidium of Congress is the leading authority in charge of the functional operations of the meeting. Once a list of candidate names has been defined, following repeated discussions and examination of those nominated by the previous Party committee or various delegations, members are elected by a show of hands.
The Presidium is made up of a secretary-general, vice secretary-general and several standing committee members. The secretary-general is selected by a show of hands at the preparatory meeting of the Congress, while the standing committee members and vice secretary-generals are selected by a show of hands at the first meeting of the Presidium which is chaired by the secretary-general.
The post of Congress Executive Chairman is occupied by each Presidium member in turn. The tasks of the Presidium include: chairing the Congress according to the meeting's agenda; organizing reports and discussions at the meeting; chairing electoral procedures at the meeting; and organizing delegates to discuss and pass the decisions through the Congress.
The new Central Committee elected by the Congress becomes the highest leading authority of the CPC when the National Congress of the Party is not in session. It implements the decisions of the National Congress, exercises leadership over all Party operations and represents the Communist Party of China when dealing in foreign affairs. The Presidium ceases to be the leading authority once the Congress is no longer in session.
What is the alternate membership of the CPC Central Committee? How are the alternate members elected?
The alternate membership of previous CPC Central Committees has varied:
11th Central Committee: 132
12th Central Committee: 138
13th Central Committee: 110
14th Central Committee: 130
15th Central Committee: 151.
Alternate members of the Central Committee are elected at the Party's National Congress. A member vacancy in the Central Committee is usually filled by an alternate member according to votes.
How is the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee elected?
The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee is elected by the plenary session of the CPC Central Committee.
The Party's Constitution has stipulated since the 12th National Congress that "a plenary session of the Central Committee is held at least once a year by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee," and that "the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and its Standing Committee exercise the functions and powers of the Central Committee when the plenum of the Central Committee is not in session.
The Political Bureau regularly reports its work to the Central Committee and observes the principle of a collective leadership. The general secretary of the CPC Central Committee is responsible for calling the sessions of the Political Bureau. The Political Bureau must faithfully carry out the Party's policies, principles and guidelines adopted at the National Congress. Its decisions concerning the transfer and reshuffling of personnel within the leading bodies of central organizations and issues of great importance within the Party must be endorsed by the plenary session of the Central Committee.
What is the membership of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection?
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, as the highest body of the Party for discipline inspection, was first founded in 1949. Zhu De served as the secretary of the First Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. However, during the "cultural revolution" (1966-76), the Party's institutions and work regarding discipline inspection were suspended.
The Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, held on December 18-22, 1978, elected Chen Yun secretary of the 100-member Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
The new Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, elected at the 15th CPC National Congress held on September 12-18, 1997, is composed of 115 members.
What is the presidium of the National Congress of Communist Party of China?
The Constitution of the CPC rules that “The central leading bodies and leaders elected by each Central Committee shall, when the next National Congress is in session, continue to preside over the Party's day-to-day work until the new central leading bodies and leaders are elected by the next Central Committee.” During the session of the National Congress, the presidium of the National Congress of the CPC shall preside over the National Congress. The members of the presidium of the National Congress are nominated by the last Central Committee or the delegations who will determine the shortlist of the candidates after due consideration and finally vote by a show of hands at the preparatory meeting of the National Congress.
The presidium consists of the secretary-general, the vice secretary-generals and standing members. The secretary-general is decided by a show of hands at the preparatory meeting of the National Congress and the vice secretary-generals and the standing members are decided by a show of hands at the first presidium meeting presided over by the secretary-general. The post of the executive chairman of the National Congress rotates among the members of the presidium.
The responsibilities of the presidium are as follows: presiding over the meeting according to the agenda; organizing the reports and discussions; conducting the elections of the National Congress; organizing the discussions of the delegates and adopting the resolutions of the congress.
The new central committee elected by the National Congress is the highest leading body when the Congress is not in session. It implements the resolutions of the Congress and takes charge of all the work of the Party and represents the Communist Party of China to the outside world. The presidium is no longer the leading body when the Congress is not in session.
What is Socialism with Chinese Characteristics?
Socialism with Chinese characteristics is something that combines the basic principles of scientific socialism with the facts of building socialism unique to China. Socialism is the common rule and essential feature of the practice, while Chinese characteristics are what the basic principles of socialism really embody in China.
Since China began its economic reform and opening-up in 1978, the Communist Party of China has been continuing to adapt the basic principles of Marxism to the actual conditions of China. By summarizing the successes and failures of building socialism in China and other socialist countries, by drawing lessons from the benefits and losses of developing nations in their developments, and also by analyzing what situations and contradictions developed countries faced in their developments, the Communist Party of China has systematically answered a series of key questions in terms of China's own path of socialism, its historical periods, its fundamental tasks and strategic steps it should take. Based on all these efforts, the Communist Party of China has successfully opened up a unique path for socialism with Chinese characteristics.
On its economic fronts, China sticks to a multi-ownership-oriented basic market economic system, with the public ownership in the dominance.
On its political fronts, China upholds a system of the People's Congress, a system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation, and a system of regional ethnic autonomy.
And in its cultural fields, China keeps its socialist value system at the core of social trends, while respecting differences and expanding common grounds.
These practices have proved that socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only and successful road China must take in building it into a well-off, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern nation.
What are the major amendments to the CPC Constitution?
-- The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) examined and adopted an amendment to the Party's Constitution proposed by the 16th CPC Central Committee, to reflect the Scientific Outlook on Development and other major theoretical developments.
-- 16th CPC National Congress, November 2002: inclusion of the important thought of "Three Represents", which means the CPC represents the development trend of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people;
-- 15th CPC National Congress, September 1997: establishment of Deng Xiaoping theory as the CPC's guiding ideology alongside Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought;
-- 14th CPC National Congress, October 1992: inclusion of Deng Xiaoping's theory of "building socialism with Chinese characteristics" and "one center, two basic points";
-- 13th CPC National Congress, November 1987: just minor revisions;
-- 12th CPC National Congress, September 1982: correction of all "leftist" mistakes, ban of "personality cult" and call for “democratic discussions" on major issues;
-- 11th CPC National Congress, August 1977: establishment of disciplinary inspection committees at CPC Central Committee and other committees above county and regiment level, appointment of people by abilities stressed;
-- 10th CPC National Congress, August 1973: removal of an article appointing Lin Biao as Mao Zedong's successor;
-- 9th CPC National Congress, April 1969: designation of Lin Biao as a close comrade-in-arm and successor of Mao Zedong;
-- 8th CPC National Congress, September 1956: approval of main task of "four modernizations" in industry, agriculture, transportation and national defense sectors, inclusion of principle on income distribution -- each doing his best and getting paid according to contribution;
-- 7th CPC National Congress, April to June 1945: first Constitution independently drafted by the CPC, establishment of Mao Zedong Thought as CPC's guiding ideology;
-- 6th CPC National Congress, June to July 1928 in Moscow: leadership of the Communist International stressed;
-- 5th CPC National Congress, April to May, 1927: legal age for individuals to join the CPC set to be 18 or above;
-- 4th CPC National Congress, January 1925: regulation of grassroots CPC units, change of title of CPC Central Committee chief from chairman to general secretary;
-- 3rd CPC National Congress, June 1923: description of the rights and obligations of full and alternate CPC members;
-- 2nd CPC National Congress, July 1922: adoption of the Party’s first complete Constitution which defined the prerequisites and procedures for joining the Party, and the Party's organizational structure;
-- 1st CPC National Congress, July 1921: A program, which defined the CPC's name, nature, guiding principles and ultimate goal, was to become the prototype of the Party Constitution.
(Source: Xinhua News Agency )
What is the Mao Zedong Thought?
Mao Zedong Thought is a scientific ideological system developed by a group of earlier revolutionaries of the Communist Party of China, represented by Mao Zedong. Based on the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism, the system summarizes the rich and unique experiences that China has gained through its long-term practice of revolution and construction. It well fits China's specific conditions.
Mao Zedong Thought is an integration of the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism and the practice of the Chinese revolution. It is the application and development of Marxism-Leninism in China. Facts have proven it to be the correct theoretical principles and summary of experiences on China's revolution. Mao Zedong Thought truly reflects the collective wisdom of the Communist Party of China.
The living souls of Mao Zedong Thought are its standpoint, its views and its methods that have been fully adopted and used in each and every period of China's revolution and construction. They include three basic aspects: Seeking truth from facts, pursuing the mass line, and sticking to the principle of independence.
Seeking truth from facts is the essence, the root and starting point of Mao Zedong Thought. It is the key ideology of the Communist Party of China. Seeking truth from facts means that we must proceed from reality and put theory into practice in everything. In other words, we must integrate the universal theory of Marxism-Leninism with China's specific conditions. Pursuing the mass line requires that we work on everything for the people, by the people, from the people and to the people. Sticking to the principle of independence and self-reliance is the necessary outcome we achieve by depending upon China's reality and relying upon the masses in our revolution and construction.
Mao Zedong (1893-1976) is one of the founders of the Communist Party of China and the core figure of New China's first generation leadership.
What is the Important Thought of Three Represents?
The important thought of Three Represents means the Communist Party of China (CPC) should always represent the development needs of China's advancing productivity, the onward direction of China's advancing culture, and the fundamental interests of the big majority of Chinese people.
As a consensus was reached at the 16th CPC national congress in 2002, the important thought of Three Represents has been adopted as one of the guidelines for the Communist Party of China, together with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, and Deng Xiaoping Theory.
To represent the development needs of China's advancing productivity, it is necessary to bring the Party's theories, principles, policies and all its work in line with the law of the development of productivity, so that the living standards of the people can improve steadily through the development of productivity.
To represent the onward direction of China's advancing culture is to make the Party's theories, principles, policies and all its work reflect the requirements of the development of a national, scientific and popular socialist culture that is oriented toward modernization, the world and the future.
To represent the fundamental interests of the big majority of Chinese people requires the Party, in all kinds of work including its theories, principles and policies, to persevere in taking the fundamental interests of the people as its starting point and purpose, and enable the people to constantly obtain tangible economic, political and cultural benefits through continuous social development and progress.
The important thought of Three Represents is the root from which the Communist Party of China came, the cornerstone based on which it governs, and the source from which it draws its strength.
What are China's Democratic Parties?
China's democratic parties refer to the eight parties on the Chinese mainland that are fully participating in China's government decision-making process apart from the Communist Party of China (CPC), the country's ruling party. These democratic parties are: the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (RCCK, composed of former Chinese Kuomintang democrats and other compatriots), China Democratic League (CDL, composed of senior and higher intellectuals from the fields of culture, education, and science and technology), China Democratic National Construction Association (CDNCA, composed of experts and scholars from the economic circles), China Association for Promoting Democracy (CAPD, composed of intellectuals working in the educational and cultural publishing sectors), China Peasants and Workers Democratic Party (CPWDP, composed of intellectuals in the medical and health sectors), China Zhi Gong Dang (CZGD, composed of returned overseas Chinese, relatives of overseas Chinese, and representative individuals and scholars with overseas connections), Jiu San Society (JSS, composed of senior and higher intellectuals from the fields of science and technology), and the Taiwan Democratic Self-government League (TSL, composed of people born or with family roots in Taiwan province currently residing on the mainland ).
The Chinese democratic parties are not opposition parties or non-ruling parties but friendly parties of the CPC, which are fully involved in the government decision-making process. China's democratic parties are members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the nation's patriotic united front under the leadership of the CPC. They cooperate with the CPC via political consultation and democratic supervision. They fully participate in the state administration, and in decision-making of state policies and selection of state leaders through consultation, and also in the instituting and implementation of state policies, laws and regulations.
What is the CPC-led Multi-party Cooperation and Political Consultation System?
China's political system is different from the two-party or multi-party political systems in Western countries, and also unlike the unilateral party system practiced in some other countries.
China's political system is a system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC). The system was established and developed jointly by the CPC and other democratic parties in their longtime commitments to China's revolution, its construction and reforms. The system has become a basic political system in contemporary China.
The prominent features of the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system are: It is under the CPC's leadership, and multi-parties cooperate; the CPC is the ruling party, and all other democratic parties participate in the government decision-making process.
The democratic parties exist neither as opposition parties nor non-ruling parties, they work in close cooperation with the CPC as friendly parties and parties participating in the government decision-making process. All democratic parties in China jointly participate in the administration of state affairs, including instituting state policies, laws and regulations and consulting on the selection of state leaders.
China's national condition and nature have made it determined that the leadership of the CPC is the precondition and fundamental guarantee of a multi-party cooperation. At the same time, however, the CPC's leadership does not simply take charge of everything, but exercises a political leadership, namely, a leadership of political principles, political orientation, and major state policies.
The CPC-led multi-party cooperation and political consultation system well combines together the wisdom of all other democratic parties, associations and people from all walks of life. The combined wisdom of the system can not only help promote a more scientific and democratic decision-making of the ruling party and governments at all levels, but can also help balance the interests and needs of various communities. The system can work to avoid the disadvantage of a lack of supervision in a single-party system, and at the same time also help prevent party wrangling, political chaos and social instability caused by multi-party disputes.
What is the 11th Five-Year Program (2006-2010)?
Starting in 2006, the Outline of the 11th Five-Year Program for National Economic and Social Development (2006-2010) sets major goals for national economic development in the following five years:
-- Stable development of the national economy. Maintain an annual GDP growth of 7.5 percent, and double the 2000 per-capita GDP; create 45 million employment opportunities for urban residents and farmer workers respectively; keep prices stable; and maintain the balance of international revenue and expenditure.
-- Optimizing and upgrading the industrial structure. The industrial, product and enterprise structures are to be more rational, and the added value of the tertiary industry will increase by 3 percentage points in the GDP, with an employment growth of 4 percentage points of the total labor force. Enhance the independent innovative capability, increase the proportion of the expenditure on scientific research and experiments to 2 percent of GDP, and develop enterprises with independent intellectual property rights and famous brands, and strong international competitiveness.
-- A marked growth in the utilization of resources. The energy consumption for per-unit GDP will decrease by 20 percent; the water consumption for per-unit industrial added value will decrease by 30 percent; the utilization coefficient for agricultural irrigation water will grow to 0.5; and the comprehensive ratio for solid industrial residue used will increase to 60 percent.
-- Enhancing the capability for sustainable development. Maintain 120 million ha cultivated land; intensify the protection for fresh water, energy, and important mineral resources; and put under control the deteriorating trend of ecological environment, reduce the total volume of released major pollutants by 10 percent, increase the forest coverage to 20 percent, and control greenhouse gas emission.
-- Perfecting the market economic system. Make breakthroughs in the reform and mechanism setup of the administration, state-owned enterprises, finance and taxation, and banking, and greatly enhance the capability of market supervision and social management; coordinate the opening-up and domestic development in a still better way, and promote the opening economy to a new level.
Further improving people's life. An annual increase of five percent for the per-capita disposable income of urban residents and for the per-capita net income of rural residents respectively, an overall growth in the quality of life of urban and rural residents, and remarkable improvement of the conditions of housing, communication, culture and environment.
(Source: The Press Center of the 17th CPC National Congress Website)
What is the Western Development?
Western development strategy, aiming at boosting the development of the western area of China, was initiated by the Communist Party of China in 1999. It is the largest ever and also the most arduous development strategy in human history.
Western development strategy applies to an area of 6.85 million square kilometers, accounting for 71.4 percent of China's total area. This area covers 12 provinces, autonomous regions, and mu
nicipalities, including Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Guangxi, with a total population of 400 millions. Vast in area and resource-abundant, the western area is still comparatively less developed due to its natural, historical and social conditions. The western region is home to most of China's poor population, .
The strategic goal of western development is that by mid 21st century when China will basically realize its overall modernization, we will at the same time fundamentally reverse the region's backward situation, substantially narrow the gap of development between different regions, and make the western region a place of economic prosperity, social progress, stable life, ethnic unity and well-off people, with environmentally beautiful mountains and rivers.
The Chinese government has intensified its efforts in planning, policy support, investment, project arrangements, and exchange of talent for the western area since the program was carried out. By 2005, the central government had invested 1.6 trillion yuan in the area. The area's annual GDP growth rate had hit 10.6 percent, with local fiscal revenues up 15.7 percent year on year. So far, over 70 major projects have begun constructions. The region's economic conditions have greatly improved. Visible progress has also been made in eco-environmental protection and infrastructure construction.
What is the Rejuvenation of Northeast China's Industrial Bases?
Northeast China's Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces used to be the cradle of New China's heavy industrial bases, and had made great historic contributions in helping build up the nation's independent and complete industrial system as well as its economic system.
However, these bases established in the 1950's based upon the planned economy gradually lost their luster as the country began its market-oriented reforms in the late 1970s, with the government gradually retreating from economic activity. The competitiveness of the region kept decreasing, especially for some resources-based cities. Against the backdrop of the rapid economic growth in the eastern and southern coastal regions, the struggling northeast became much lagged behind.
In response to these problems, the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which was held in 2002, made a historic decision to both support and speed up the transformation and rejuvenation of the northeast industrial bases.
To date, a batch of large and medium state-owned enterprises in the region have successfully finished their reforms of asset restructuring and re-financing through the stock market. Some resources-based cities have also achieved their industrial transitions and realized an initial sustainable development. The whole region has gradually got out of its over-two-decade-long dilemma, and is now back onto the fast national development track since the revival strategy was initiated.
What is the Rise of Central China?
Six inland provinces of Shanxi, Anhui, Henan, Jiangxi, Hunan and Hubei lie at the heart of central China. They enjoy a combined geographical advantage, with a combined population and economic volume of over 28% and 20% of the national total, respectively. The six provinces make up a base of China's grain production, energy and raw materials and is also the center of the country's comprehensive transportation network. They play an important role in China's overall economic and social development.
To make central China to rise is another strategic decision made by the Chinese government, following its earlier decisions to give priority to the development of the eastern region, to implement the western development strategy and to rejuvenate the old industrial bases in the northeast. It is yet another key task in implementing China's overall strategy of promoting a coordinated development of different regions.
The rise of central China holds a big significance in forming a new pattern in which the eastern, central and western parts of the country can interact and complement each other and contribute to each other's development. The Chinese government has paid increasing attention to the rise of the central part in recent years. The government's 11th five-year plan states that the central region should upgrade its industrial structure and boost industrialization and urbanization by making better use of its geographical and industrial advantages.
What is cycling economy?
The CPC Central Committee's Proposal on the Formulation of the 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-2010) for National Economic and Social Development points out that developing a cycling economy is an important way for the building of a resources-saving and environment friendly society and realizing sustainable development.
Vigorously developing a cycling economy requires adoption of comprehensive measures: Changing the concept of development, rationally adjusting industrial structure and distribution, establishing a technical supporting system for the development of a cycling economy, perfecting the system and mechanism for promoting the development of a cycling economy, strengthening laws and regulations and a standard system for developing a cycling economy, organizing and launching a pilot project for the cycling economy and intensifying publicity and education.
(Source: The Press Center of the 17th CPC National Congress Website)
17th CPC National Congress in Brief
The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), which is taken as a conference of great importance to be held at a time when China's reform and development have entered a crucial stage, is to start on Monday.
Following are some basic facts of the congress.
-- In line with the CPC Constitution, a national congress is held every five years.
-- The functions and powers of the national congress are as follows:
(1) To hear and examine the reports of the Central Committee;
(2) To hear and examine the reports of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection;
(3) To discuss and decide on major questions concerning the Party;
(4) To revise the Constitution of the Party;
(5) To elect the Central Committee; and
(6) To elect the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
-- Around 2,200 delegates, representing more than 73 million CPC members, are expected to attend the 17th CPC National Congress.
-- The CPC is also going to amend its Constitution in the upcoming congress to reflect the scientific outlook on development and other major theoretical developments since the current 16th CPC Central Committee was formed in 2002.
-- The first national congress was held in 1921, with 12 delegates representing about 50 CPC members nationwide.
CPC in Brief
The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the most important political event in China this year, is to open in Beijing on Monday.
Following are some key facts about the CPC:
-- The Communist Party of China was founded in July 1921. A total of 12 delegates representing about 50 CPC members nationwide secretly convened at the first CPC national congress in late July in Shanghai. July 1 was later designated as anniversary of the founding of the CPC.
-- The CPC had only about 50 members in mid-1921. By June 2007, the number had grown to 73.363 million.
-- The CPC says in its Constitution it is the vanguard of the Chinese working class, the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is the core of leadership for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and represents the development trend of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people.
-- The CPC Constitution also stipulates that the Party takes Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents as its guide.
-- Under the principle of democratic centralism, the election of Party congress delegates and Party committee members at all levels should reflect the will of voters. The minority should be subordinate to the majority when making decisions on any matter.
-- The National Congress of the Party is held every five years and convened by the Central Committee. It may be convened before the normally scheduled date if the Central Committee deems it necessary or if more than one third of the Party organizations at the provincial level so request. Except under extraordinary circumstances, the Congress may not be postponed.
The Political Bureau, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and the general secretary of the Central Committee of the Party are elected by the Central Committee in plenary sessions. The general secretary of the Central Committee must be a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau.
(Source: Xinhua News Agency)
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