Agriculture, Rural
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Opening up and Trade
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  and Reform
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Education, Public
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People's Life, Ethnic
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Political System,
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The Party in Power and
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China in Brief
China Statistics
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Ethnic Minorities in China
China Through a Lens
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China's War on Poverty
AIDS in China

Praises for the achievements aside, many people still remain puzzled by quite a number of "why" and "how" concerning China's growth. Why did China introduce reforms and the open policy more than 20 years ago? How have they been implemented? What are the major challenges in the process of economic restructuring, and what are the solutions?
Q: It is an undeniable fact that the income of Chinese farmers has not increased in par with urban people. And the income gap between rural and urban areas has been widening. What are the difficulties in increasing farmers' income?
Q: China's foreign trade system was formed under the planned economy. Since the implementation of the reform and opening-up policies, China has carried out several reforms in the foreign trade system. What is the main content of these reforms?
Q: The Chinese economy has maintained a momentum of rapid growth while many other economies in the world have slumped. As far as China is concerned, what are the reasons behind such a contrast? Will China continue to maintain such strong momentum?
Q: It has been reported that China's SOEs, which use half of the State's fixed assets and 60 percent of bank loans, produce only one third of total industrial output. Is this true? China has adopted the SOE reform since 1986. How are the reforms being carried out and to what effect?
Q: China began to adopt a proactive fiscal policy in 1998. After being implemented for seven years, the proactive fiscal policy was changed to a prudent fiscal policy. What are the differences between these two policies? What is the main purpose of a prudent fiscal policy?
Q: In developing countries, people are usually worried that after opening up, Western culture will have a negative impact on the social life and moral education. How does China view the impact of Western culture? How can China use its splendid national culture to educate minors?
Q: Many people in the international community accuse China's family planning policy of violating human rights. Why does China carry out this policy? Are there differences in its implementation when it comes to urban and rural areas, and ethnic minority areas?
Q: To build a harmonious and well-off society is an ideal that humankind has always pursued. Is it too early, however, for China, a country with a serious wealth gap and significant urban-rural disparity, to propose and strive for the concept of a 'harmonious society?'
Q: In what ways do Chinese government agencies perform their functions? How are the powers divided between the central government and local governments? How are contradictions between central policies and local policies dealt with?
Q: At present, many people in the West think China practices a one-party system. Is this true? Why doesn't China adopt the same multi-party system as the Western countries, under which various political parties hold the state power by turn?
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