October 25, 2001 was the 30th anniversary of the resumption of the legitimate seat of China in the UN. During the 30 years, as a founding member of the UN and one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, China has made unremitting efforts for strengthening UN’s role, safeguarding international peace and promoting the development of the world. In January 2001, Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the UN, visited China and in November of the same year UN Human Rights High Commissioner Miss Mary Robinson visited China too. The 57th session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights held on April 18, 2001 decided not to consider the so-called “China’s Human Rights Situation” draft resolution put forward by the United States, the tenth rejection to the anti-China proposal by the United Nations human rights conference since 1990. After the “September 11 Incident,” China has strengthened its cooperation with the United Nations on the issue of anti-terrorism. On November 13, 2001, Tang Jiaxuan, China’s Foreign Minister, submitted the documents concerning China’s accession to the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings to the UN Secretary-General and signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Financing Terrorism. China maintains that the Millennium Declaration be carried out to the letter; that countries should strengthen economic and technological exchanges and cooperation so as to change gradually the unfair and unreasonable international economic order and achieve the goal of coexistence and mutual benefits for the economic globalization; and that all civilizations and social systems in the world should coexist on a long-term basis, hold dialogues, learn from each other and develop together.