No country can conduct comprehensive research independently without collaboration with others because of rigid environments of the North and South poles.
In the past 20 years China has actively participated in numerous polar research activities in cooperation with other countries such as the United States, Canada, Russia, Australia, Germany, and the Republic of Korea (ROK).
China has forged ties of friendship with most of the countries, which are engaged in North and South poles studies in recent years. The country has greatly increased its bilateral and multilateral cooperation for the joint implementation of North and South poles scientific study plans.
The cooperation has covered such topics as navigation in icy regions, the psychological study of scientists working in polar areas, research facilities and logistics.
Some American and Canadian organizations also offered valuable technology and data to China's first arctic expedition. In the Chinese Antarctic Zhongshan Station, China and Japan jointly set up a high altitude atmosphere physical observation system, one of the most advanced observation systems in the world.
Moreover, China Arctic Research Institute based in Shanghai has conducted wide-ranging cooperative researches, academic exchanges as well as the exchange of visits between research personnel with their counterparts in Russia, ROK, Australia, Germany, Norway, New Zealand, the US and other nations.