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Tianjin’s GDP during the period from January to August in 2001 was 114.321 billion yuan, with a growth rate of 11.9 percent.

GDP per capita:

In 2001, the city’s per capita GDP was 19,986 yuan, 11.6 percent more than that in the preceding year.

GDP ratio (1s, 2nd and tertiary industries):

The first industry turned out a value-added production of 7.856 billion yuan, an increase of 6.3 percent, accounting for 4.3 percent of the GDP. The second industry, still the powerhouse for the city’s economic growth, made a value-added value of 89.151 billion yuan, an increase of 12.7 percent, accounting for 48.8 percent of the GDP. The tertiary industry completed a value of 85.66 billion yuan, an increase of 11.7 percent, accounting for 46.9 percent of the GDP, an 1.4 percent higher ratio compared with that in the preceding year.

Poverty alleviation plan:

In 2001, 20,000 were re-employed and a total of 315 million yuan were allotted as the elementary existence allowance.

Unemployment rate:

More than 2.14 million people have bought their unemployment insurance. In 2002, the city created 80,000 jobs and the registered unemployment rate was controlled at 4 percent.


The city’s financial revenue was 30.45 billion yuan, 24.4 percent more than that in the preceding year.

Industrial output value:

From January to August in 2001, its industrial value-added value increased by 12.4 percent compared with that of the same period in the preceding year.

Agricultural output value:

It increased by 5.3 percent in 2001.

Foreign trade:

In 2001, the total volume of the city’s import and export was US$18.186 billion, 6 percent more than that of the preceding year. Of this figure, US$8.685 billion was made by import, an increase of 1.8 percent; US$9.502 billion was from export, an increase of 10.1 percent. Of the export volume, general trade made US$3.345 billion, an increase of 3.7 percent, and processing trade made US$6.011 billion, an increase of 14.7 percent.

Foreign investment:

Since China adopted the policy of reform and opening up, Tianjin has approved the establishment of more than 15,000 foreign-funded enterprises, with a total direct foreign investment of US$35 billion. In the first nine months of 2001, the actual utilization of foreign fund reached US$2.302 billion, an increase of 24.8 percent compared with the corresponding period of the preceding year. It ranked first in the 13 Bohai-rim cities in actual utilization of foreign fund and foreign trade export.

Pillar industries:

The four pillar industries are: automobile; machinery and equipment; microelectronics and telecommunications equipment; marine chemical and petroleum chemical industry; and quality steel tube and rolled steel.

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