There are 60 artery railways, branches and linking lines in the province. The railways in operation are as long as 5,300 km (including local railway 492 km). The length of railroads for exclusive use is 1,030 km, ranking first in the country. The railway from Suifenghe to Manzhouli via Harbin is an important section of the “Continental Bridge” linking Asia and Europe.
In 2000, the total length of highways in the province was more than 50,000 km. These include eight state highways, 26 provincial highways, and 216 county-operated highways. Among these, 671 km are expressways and first-class highways, and 5,313 km are highways of the second class or above. Highways have reached about 99 percent of Heilongjiang’s townships and 96.5 percent of its villages.
The Heilongjiang water network is one of China’s three major water navigation networks. Waterways go through the whole province, with rivers of Heilongjiang, Songhua and Wusuli serving as the arteries and Harbin and Jiamusi as the hubs. Jiamusi and Tongjiang have opened international navigation service linking the rivers and the sea. Water navigation is available on nine of the province’s rivers and two of its lakes, with a total sailing distance of 5,117 km, ranking the second longest in the country. There are 331 ports and wharves for ships of 10,000 tons and larger, their handling capacity totaling 12 million tons a year.
The Harbin Airport is one of China’s eight major airports. It links the provincial capital with major Chinese cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Xi’an and Urumqi, and the Russian city Khabarovsk. So far, there are 58 air routes available, including 51 for domestic flights, six for international flights and one for special used.