Total population: 8.03 million (2002).
Population growth rate
In 2002, Hainan had a birthrate of 15.2‰, a mortality rate of 5.72‰ and a natural population growth rate of 9.48‰.
Hainan Province is home to 36 ethnic groups. Besides the Han, China’s majority, the Li, Miao and Hui are also natives of Hainan, with the Li being the earliest inhabitants on the island. As a consequence of Hainan’s development since 1950, the other 33 ethnic groups moved in successively. Most of the Li, Miao and Hui people settle in central and south Hainan, while the Han people inhabit northeast and north Hainan as well as the coastal areas.
In 2002, 99.43 percent of school-aged children in Hainan went to school. Throughout that year, there were 1.02 million primary school pupils, 377,900 junior high school students, 78,300 high school students, 8,416 secondary vocational school students, 31,813 secondary technical school and normal school students, and 34,711 college students.