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Key Points of UN Reform Document Adopted by World Leaders

The following are key points of a document adopted late Friday by world leaders at the end of their three-day summit to fight global poverty, strengthen the collective security mechanism and reform the United Nations.


-- Resolve to adopt, by 2006, and implement comprehensive national development strategies to achieve internationally-agreed poverty-reduction goals, including the Millennium Development Goals set at the 2000 UN summit.

-- Urge those developed countries that have not yet done so to make concrete efforts to keep their promises to reach the target of allocating 0.7 percent of their gross national product for official development assistance for developing countries by 2015.

-- Stress the need to consider significant debt relief or restructuring for low- and middle-income developing countries with an unsustainable debt burden.

-- Work expeditiously toward implementing the development dimensions of the Doha round trade negotiations.


-- Strongly condemns terrorism "in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes, as it constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security."

-- Stress the need to conclude a comprehensive convention on international terrorism before the closing of the 60th General Assembly next September.

Peace building:

-- Decide to establish a peace building commission to assist countries emerging from conflict. The body would have a standing organizational committee comprising members of the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, top contributors to the UN budget, top providers of military personnel and civilian police to UN missions.

Responsibility to Protect:

-- The international community has the responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian and other peaceful means to help protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.

-- Ready to take collective action, through the Security Council, on a case-by-case basis to intervene should peaceful means manifestly fail to protect populations from the above-mentioned crimes.

Human Rights:

-- Create a new human rights council to replace the Geneva-based Human Rights Commission. The General Assembly president is requested to complete as soon as possible during the 60th session talks on the mandate, functions, size, composition, membership and working methods of the new council.

UN Management Reform:

-- Resolve to consider a detailed proposal for a one-time staff buyout to improve personnel structure and quality.

-- Request the secretary-general to submit detailed proposals to the General Assembly at its 60th session for its consideration of the creation of an independent oversight advisory committee.

Security Council enlargement:

-- Agree to achieve an early decision to reform the 15-member council in order to make it more broadly representative, efficient and transparent.

-- Request the General Assembly to review progress on the planned Security Council reform by the end of 2005.


-- The document does not contain any language about the most divisive issue of disarmament and non-proliferation, a failing that UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan called a "real disgrace."

(Xinhua News Agency September 17, 2005)

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