organizations are an important component of the political life in
China. The mass organizations listed in this section mostly are
quasi-official in nature. The Procedures on the Registration of
Social Organizations stipulate that to set up a social organization,
the organizer must produce document of approval from the department
overseeing its business operations. Such a department refers to
organs or agencies of the people's governments at and above the
county level or those that have been delegated with the right of
giving approval. In reality, the social organizations are placed
under the administration of such departments.
In China, there are some 2,000 national social
organizations, including nearly 200 which receive appropriations
from the state treasury and are listed in the national administrative
setup. Among these 200, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions,
the Communist Youth League of China and the All-China Women's
Federation enjoy special political status and extensive social influence.
Besides, 16 other social organizations, though less influential
than these three, are also rather special. They are: China Federation
of the Literary and Art Circles; China Association for Science and
Technology, All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese, China
Writers Association, China Law Association, Chinese People's
Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, China Council
for the Promotion of International Trade, China Federation of the
Disabled, Soong Ching Ling Foundation, All-China Journalists Association,
China Association for Taiwan Compatriots, Whompoa Military Academy
Alumni Association, Chinese People's Foreign Affairs Society,
China Red Cross, Chinese Workers Ideological and Political Work
Research Society, and Western Returned Scholars Association.
The major tasks, organizational setup and
leading posts of these organizations are directly under the jurisdiction
of the central departments in charge of organizational setups. Though
non-governmental organizations, they, to a large extent, exercise
administrative functions and powers.