The people’s courts are judicial organs
of the state. The Supreme People’s Court is established at the
state level, higher people’s courts are established in provinces,
autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central
Government, and intermediate and basic people’s courts at lower
levels. The Supreme People’s Court, the highest state judicial
organ, is responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee and
supervises the judicial work of the local people’s courts, military
courts and other special courts. The president of the Supreme
People’s Court is Xiao Yang.
The people’s courts try all
cases publicly, except those involving state secrets, individual
privacy or minors. The accused has the right to defense. Besides
the right to defend himself/herself, he or she may also be represented
by a lawyer or ask near relatives or guardians to defend him/her.