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Constitution to Embrace 'Three Represents' and Private Property

The important thought of "Three Represents" is to be written into China's constitution, along with the provision to safeguard the ownership of private property.  

The proposal on amending the country's 1982 Constitution made by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was tabled with the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC), China's top legislature, in Beijing Monday.


The "Three Represents" thought, as well as Marxism, Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory, shall be one of the guiding principles of the nation's political and social life, according to the proposed amendments.


The important thought of "Three Represents", put forward by Jiang Zemin, former general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, in February 2000, states that the CPC must always represent "the development trend of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people."


The proposed revision on private property protection puts private assets of Chinese citizens on an equal footing with public property, which are "not to be violated."


Wang Zhaoguo, vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, explained the CPC proposal to lawmakers Monday in his capacity as a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.


"Respect for and protection of human rights" and "establishing and perfecting the social security system adapted to economic development" are also proposed amendments.


The proposal also adds items about harmonious development among material, political and cultural civilizations, perfecting the land requisition system, confirming the guideline in promoting the non-public economy.


The proposal suggests changing the terms of local deputies, currently from three to five years, to five years as standard. It also adds the provisions on the state of emergency, and extensions of the president's authority in foreign affairs and the national anthem.


China promulgated its first constitution in 1954. The existing constitution was formulated in 1982 and amended in 1988, 1993 and 1999.


The proposed revisions were made after extensive discussions, Wang said.


According to agenda, the Standing Committee will formulate amendments to the constitution after reviewing the proposals, which will be submitted for approval at the second plenum of the 10th National People's Congress next March.


(Xinhua News Agency December 23, 2003)

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