Denying statistics provided by China, US officials said on Friday they would impose preliminary tariffs of as much as 198 percent on some imported Chinese wooden bedroom furniture.
As much as US$1.2 billion is involved, the largest amount ever to be at stake for Chinese companies. It follows a US decision earlier this year to impose tariffs on Chinese television imports.
Seven companies that represent about 40 percent of the sales of Chinese bedroom furniture to the US will be hit with tariffs ranging from 4.9 percent to 24 percent.
Another 82 companies that responded directly to US enquiries about their pricing practices will face a duty of 10.9 percent.
A prohibitive tariff of 198 percent will effectively block the sales of others, mostly small furniture makers.
The anti-dumping petition was filed last October. A group of 27 US companies asked for duties ranging from 158 percent to 441 percent to offset what they allege is dumping by 135 Chinese competitors.
A final decision is expected in December and preliminary tariffs will be collected beginning next week.
Cao Yingchao, an official from the China Furniture Association, denied the dumping charges, saying they will try for a fairer ruling.
But market economy status is a bottleneck for Chinese manufacturers suffering from dumping charges, Cao admitted, saying additional government efforts on the issue are needed.
The US government does not use Chinese costs as proof when calculating dumping rates because it views China as a non-market economy. Rather, it employs statistics from other countries where costs are higher, which easily leads to conclusions of dumping.
The problem of market economy status has been an important issue between China and the United States. US Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans, who is set to make another visit to China from June 19 to 24, will discuss the issue with Chinese officials.
China is currently facing more than twice as many US anti-dumping investigations as any other country, and has had tariffs imposed in 17 different cases.
Liu Shande, a manager from Guangdong's Jixiang Wood Products Co., said the firm exports because its products can sell at higher prices than they do at home. The average profit for exports is as much as 30 percent.
He said the US makers will not receive any benefit from the dumping charges. "Even with the high duties imposed, no jobs will be created for the US industry." Orders will simply shift from China to other countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, he said.
However, Liu believes that many Chinese jobs will be lost because of what he called an unfair decision.
A coalition of more than 30 furniture manufacturers and retailers who import from China, including Furniture Brands International, JC Penney and Crate & Barrel, have protested the campaign to impose anti-dumping duties, saying retail jobs could be lost.
Several furniture companies have warned that logistics and quality problems could emerge if sourcing shifts abruptly to China's neighbors with less exporting experience.
(For a more detailed look at how China's market economy status affects trade, see the MES feature in our business column)
(China Daily June 21, 2004)