In an unprecedented sortie into the global financial market, a state-owned bank has teamed up with an international partner to join Europe's most heated competition in a banking takeover.
Yesterday, China Development Bank (CDB) - the largest of the three policy banks specializing in government-sponsored domestic infrastructure investment - dramatically increased its international profile by announcing that it will buy up to 5 percent in London-based Barclays, Britain's third largest lender.
Barclays is trying to close a merger with ABN Amro, Europe's eighth largest bank in total assets.
In an official statement, CDB Governor Chen Yuan expressed "strong support" to the Barclays management's global strategy.
And that support is mainly in cash, John Studzinski, senior managing director of Blackstone - which is providing financial advisory services to CDB in its Barclays deal - told China Daily.
CDB's Barclays deal is the first time that a State-backed financial organization has become an active player in an international buyout of a large financial service network.
According to an announcement by CDB, it will join Temasek Holdings of Singapore to invest up to 13.4 billion euros ($18.5 billion) in Barclays through subscription of shares. And that, in turn, will provide additional capital for Barclays in its ongoing bid for Amsterdam-based ABN Amro.
After enlisting the two Asian supporters, Barclays made a simultaneous announcement revising its bid for ABN Amro, increasing the offer from an earlier 64 billion euros ($88.4 billion) up to 67.5 billion euros (US$93.3 billion).
With the share issue to CDB and Temasek Holdings, Barclays also recast its bid for ABN Amro from an all-share offer to a cash-and-share deal, with cash making up 37 percent of the total.
CDB will initially subscribe 2.2 billion euros (US$3.04 billion) of Barclays new ordinary shares, or a 3.1 percent stake of the private British bank. But if its bid for ABN Amro succeeds, according to the agreement, CDB will be able to subscribe a further 7.6 billion euros (US$10.5 billion) of Barclays ordinary shares.
Sun Mingchun, vice-president and chief economist of Lehman Brothers Asia, saw it as "a very active move" by a Chinese financial firm in seeking overseas expansion.
"Unlike the embryonic State Investment Company's US$3 billion subscription in Blackstone's shares in May, which is merely a financial investment aimed to balance the massive foreign exchange reserves, CDB's investment is an active move targeted at improving the bank's management and seeking overseas expansion," Sun said.
The offering of a 5 percent stake to CDB greatly strengthens links between Barclays and CDB, transforming their "strong longstanding relationship" into a "strategic partnership", noted Bob Diamond, president of Barclays.
Based on yesterday's agreement and a memorandum of understanding, Barclays will assist and advise CDB in its evolution into a commercially-operated financial institution.
CDB will also use Barclays Global Investors, a Barclays subsidiary in investment management, as one of its preferred asset managers.
The link with CDB will in turn provide Barclays with improved access to the Chinese market.
(China Daily July 24, 2007)