Home · Weather · Forum · Learning Chinese · Jobs · Shopping
Search This Site
China | International | Business | Government | Environment | Olympics/Sports | Travel/Living in China | Culture/Entertainment | Books & Magazines | Health
Home / Environment / News Tools: Save | Print | E-mail | Most Read | Comment
Tibetan herdsmen relocated to preserve Yangtze, Yellow River source
Adjust font size:

More than 60,000 Tibetan herdsmen will be relocated from an ecologically vulnerable river source area in northwest China's Qinghai Province by the end of this year to better protect the source area of China's most famed rivers, including the Yangtze and Yellow River.


"By July more than 30,000 people from 6,000 households had been displaced. Another 30,000 will be moved out from the area within the year," said Li Xiaonan, an official in charge of ecology preservation in Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve said in an interview with Xinhua.


Scientists have been repeatedly warning the situation would continue to deteriorate because of climate change, overgrazing and increasing human activities in Sanjiangyuan, the source area of Yangtze River, the Yellow River and Lancang River.


Qinghai started in 2003 resettling herdsmen from Sanjiangyuan, home to the world's highest wetlands. Two years later, the central government initiated a 7.5 billion yuan (US$999 million) ecological reconstruction project in the area and relocation of herdsmen was stepped up.


Bai'ma Kangzho, 40, used to keep about 50 livestock and lived on the grassland until three years ago. Her whole family moved to the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Huangnan because of the pasture land degradation.


Right after she moved to Huangnan, agricultural technicians came to teach her to grow vegetables in the plastic greenhouse.


"I had never grown any vegetables before I moved here. Now the vegetables are growing well and I can sell them and earn 3,000 yuan a year," she said.


Qinghai Province has built 35 resettlement communities and 51 more are under construction. This year a total 61,899 herdsmen from 13,305 households will be resettled.


The program is seen as China's biggest resettlement project in terms of the population, in which 100,000 people will be relocated from the Sanjiangyuan area by 2010 to restore the ecosystem, according to government plans.


"The government has given every family a well-built house of 70 to 80 square meters, as well as plastic greenhouses to grow vegetables. Investment in housing alone has exceeded 200 million yuan," Li said.


"Each household is given a subsidy of 3,000, 6,000, or 8,000 yuan annually according to their financial circumstances," he added.


The provincial government has earmarked funds totaling 80 million yuan to give the herdsmen technical training, such as machine repair, cooking, and handcrafts, so that they could be more independent financially.


"To move the herdsmen from pasture lands they have inhabited for generations is not easy," said Deni, head of a community in Darlag County of Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Golog. "But due to erosion and desertification, more and more people are realizing the benefits of resettling,"


"The government has done a lot to persuade those who are truly reluctant to move. The relocation is in line with the will of the herdsmen, not by force," he said, noting many herdsmen felt easier after seeing the school, hospital, and the facilities in the community.


Deni said a few hundred households of herdsmen in Golog are voluntarily applying to resettle so the pasture land could recover from over-grazing.


Li Xiaonan said the resettlement project in Sanjiangyuan is proceeding smoothly and the preservation and displacement measures had proven effective.


"But it would take about five years to restore the ecology and at least 10 years to curb desertification in the region," he said.


(Xinhua News Agency October 2, 2007) 

Tools: Save | Print | E-mail | Most Read

Username   Password   Anonymous
China Archives
Related >>
- VP Calls for Better Protection of Tibetan Environment, Culture
- Displacement of Herdsmen Covers Small Population
- Environmental Damage Changes Tibetan Nomad Lifestyle
- Tibet Sees Double-digit Growth in Farmers' Income
- N. China Region Relocates Herdsmen to Better Habitats
- Herdsmen Start New Life in Brick Houses
Most Viewed >>
-Severe winter weather may persist for another week
-Battle goes on against snowstorms
-La Nina, atmospheric circulation blamed for snow disaster
-Salt tide afflicts Shanghai
-Ministry warns of spread of fruit diseases
Air Quality 
Cities Major Pollutant Air Quality Level
Beijing sulfur dioxide II
Shanghai particulate matter I
Guangzhou sulfur dioxide I
Chongqing particulate matter II
Xi'an particulate matter II
Most Read
-Severe winter weather may persist for another week
-Battle goes on against snowstorms
-La Nina, atmospheric circulation blamed for snow disaster
-Salt tide afflicts Shanghai
-Ministry warns of spread of fruit diseases
NGO Events Calendar Tips
- Hand in hand to protect endangered animals and plants
- Changchun, Mini-marathon Aimed at Protecting Siberian Tiger
- Water Walk by Nature University
- Green Earth Documentary Salon
- Prof. Maria E. Fernandez to Give a Lecture on Climate Change
UN meets on climate change
The UN Climate Change Conference brought together representatives of over 180 countries and observers from various organizations.
Panda Facts
A record 28 panda cubs born via artificial insemination have survived in 2006.
South China Karst
Rich and unique karst landforms located in south China display exceptional natural beauty.
Saving the Tibetan Antelopes
The rare animals survive in the harsh natural environment of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Laws & Regulations
- Forestry Law of the People's Republic of China
- Meteorology Law of the People's Republic of China
- Fire Control Law of the People's Republic of China
- Law on Protecting Against and Mitigating Earthquake Disasters
- Law of the People's Republic of China on Conserving Energy
State Environmental Protection Administration
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Land and Resources
China Environmental Industry Network
Chengdu Giant Panda Research Base
SiteMap | About Us | RSS | Newsletter | Feedback

Copyright © All Rights Reserved E-mail: Tel: 86-10-88828000 京ICP证 040089号