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China in Brief
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Q: China's foreign trade system was formed under the planned economy. Since the implementation of the reform and opening-up policies, China has carried out several reforms in the foreign trade system. What is the main content of these reforms?
Q: In the 1960s, the Tanzania-Zambia Railway, constructed with the aid of China, greatly promoted the economic development of the two African countries. Meanwhile, sports and hospital projects aided by China in other developing countries also left good memories among local residents. However, in the past decade, Chinese foreign aid items seem to decrease. Does this mean that the guidelines of China's aid to foreign countries have changed?
Q: Some countries argue that China has not fulfilled its WTO commitments. Three years after entry into the WTO, what is the situation? What kind of positive significance China's entry has on its economic development?
Q: In recent years, some countries have launched anti-dumping investigations into certain Chinese export commodities because they doubt Chinese export-oriented enterprises have subsidies from the government. What are the reasons for the low price of Chinese export commodities? Does the current reform of the refund policy of export goods bring big effect to export?
Q: It is reported that the "China factor" is playing a key role in stimulating world economic growth. Is this true? China is importing large quantities of energy products such as oil. People are worrying if it will affect the international market.
Q: It has been reported that the increase in Chinese foreign trade has contributed greatly to world merchandize trade. What are reasons for such a rapid increase in foreign trade? What has foreign trade contributed to Chinese economic development?
Q: In the past few years, the Chinese Government has adopted a series of macro-control measures to control overheated investment in some industries. Why did China adopt these measures? Will the measures have a negative impact on foreign investment?
Q: At present, enterprises from many countries have expected good investment returns in China, and the country has been among the world's best in attracting foreign investment. Why are these foreign enterprises so willing to invest in China? What has China done in terms of improving the investment environment?
Q: When China began to attract foreign investment, some people maintained that the absorption of foreign capital in certain industries would attack "national industry." What is China's viewpoint about it? Does such situation appear?
Q: Why did China choose Shenzhen and three other coastal cities to experiment with its special economic zones? What are the differences between the special economic zones and export-oriented processing districts in some countries? What kinds of exemplary roles have these special economic zones played in China's opening up?
Q: China has adopted a progressive policy in opening up to the outside world. It established four special economic zones, then opened 14 coastal cities, and finally opened the whole country. Why does China adopt such an approach? What are the experiences and lessons?
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