Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's
Congress and the president of the Chinese Academy of Science Lu
Yongxiang said on September 19 that energy is the basis of China's
sustainable economic and social development and the national
competence. It's time to establish a sustainable energy system in
China. To set up a strategic road map for China's development of
energy and technology remains an important pledge toward the
establishment of a sustainable energy system and achieving an
optimal energy structure.
On the same day, at the Symposium of the Sustainable Energy
Development Strategy held in Beijing, Lu put forward his road map
for the Development of China's energy and technology. He outlined
three short-term, mid-term and long-term objectives.
Short-term objectives (till 2020): Emphasis should be put on
developing energy-saving and clean energy technology; improving
ways energy is efficiently utilized; striving for breakthroughs in
zero emissions, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and
so on; developing key technologies to capture, store and use carbon
dioxide plus provide demonstrations of these technologies; pushing
forward highly efficient coal liquefaction technologies toward
demonstration stages and consequent applications; actively
developing renewable energy technologies and finally; further
developing non-traditional fossil energy technologies.
Mid-term objectives (around 2030): Priority should be given to
promoting nuclear energy and renewable energy as primary sources.
China must strive to make breakthroughs in the following areas:
fast neutron reactor technology, highly efficient solar conversion
technology, Intelligent Energy Grids and so on.
Long-term objectives (around 2050) China must establish a system
for sustainable energy development that will basically meet the
overall energy demand for China's economic and social development
and reduce the country's degree of dependence on fossil energy to
less than 60 percent, thus turning renewable energy into one of the
leading energy resources. Expanding application and
commercialization of renewable energy technology and seeking
breakthroughs in fusion energy technology are also included.
Lu Yongxiang stated that, the CAS, as our nation's strategic
technological force, should focus on developing core technologies
revolving around energy-saving and advanced, clean, renewable or
alternative energy. The CAS will look to the future and make proper
arrangements for research core areas that may exert significant
influence on the future.
(China.org.cn by Zhang Ming'ai, September 20, 2007)