IX. Enhancing International Exchanges and Cooperation
Since 2012, China has continuously and proactively participated in South-South cooperation on tackling climate change and practical cooperation with developed countries and international organizations, and actively pushed forward global cooperation on addressing climate change, based on the principle of “mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, and being practical and effective”.
(I) Deepening Cooperation with Developing Countries
China's National Development and Reform Commission has promoted South-South cooperation on climate change. According to former premier Wen Jiabao's initiative announced at the Rio+20 Conference to make available 200 million yuan for a three-year South-South project on climate change, China has established cooperation with 41 developing countries and signed the Memorandum of Understanding on Providing Foreign Aid to Address Climate Change with 12 developing countries, including Grenada, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Nigeria, Benin and Dominica. A donation of 900,000 energy-efficient lights and more than 10,000 energy-efficient air conditioners was made. China has arranged seminars on South-South cooperation policies and action on climate change, as well as workshops on climate change and green low-carbon development. The Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs hosted the Combating Climate Change: China-ASEAN New and Renewable Energy Utilization International Technology and Cooperation Forum in collaboration with other departments, to promote exchanges and communication between China and ASEAN countries. China's National Development and Reform Commission and the State Oceanic Administration implemented the South-South cooperation research project on maritime disaster monitoring and early warning system within the framework of climate change, drafted the English version of the Guide for Building the Capabilities of Developing Countries' Marine Disaster Monitoring and Early Warning, held seminars on developing countries' marine disaster monitoring and early warning technologies in Xiamen, providing training to 16 students from nine developing countries including Cambodia and Indonesia. China's State Forestry Administration held the Seminar on Monitoring Deforestation and Land Degradation and Evaluating South-South Cooperation within the Climate Change Framework. China's Meteorological Administration offered technology training to professionals from developing countries on the relationship between climate change and extreme weather and climate events, as well as early warning systems for various disasters and a climate service system.
(II) Strengthening Cooperation with Developed Countries
China's National Development and Reform Commission has continued to work on existing bilateral cooperation programs, including the Sino-Germany Climate Change Programme, the Sino-Italian Climate Change Cooperation Program, and the Sino-Norway Climate Change Adaptation Strategic Application Research Programme. NDRC has organized and held bilateral consultations on climate change with the EU, Germany and Denmark and pushed for the adoption of relevant framework agreements and the launch of cooperation projects. NDRC also signed memorandums of understanding on cooperation concerning climate change with relavent departments from countries and states, including Switzerland, Denmark and the California state of the United States. With the support of the Australia-China Joint Coordination Group on Clean Coal, China has organized enterprises, academies and universities to conduct training programs and preliminary research dedicated to predominant issues related to carbon capture and storage technology utilization; China has cooperated with the United States on research projects on large-scale CO2 usage, capture and storage technology applied to new model connecting and amplifying underground heating system, reached a consensus on a broad range of key areas including electricity system, clean fuel, petroleum and natural gas, energy and environmental technology and climatology and cooperated on a series of fruitful cooperation programs with the U.S. Ministry of Energy. China's Ministry of Environmental Protection has partnered with the United States, Japan, Italy, Norway and Australia on a wide range of bilateral and multilateral cooperation projects concerning mitigation, adaptation, basic capability building and public awareness, including the Environmental Standard and Research on Implementation Details in Shale Gas Exploitation, the Sino-Norway Biodiversity and Climate Change Programme and Sino-Australia Studies on Environmental impact and Risks of CO2 Geological Storage. China's State Forestry Administration has expanded technology exchanges on climate change issues with the United States, Britain, Finland and Switzerland. China's State Oceanic Administration has entered into a partnership with Italy in the Project of Capability Building of Coastal Ecosystem.
(III) Promoting Cooperation with International Organizations
China's National Development and Reform Commission continues to cooperate with multilateral institutions, including the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the Global Environment Facility. NDRC has signed a momentum of understanding on cooperation for addressing climate change with the World Bank. It has also launched the Enhancing Capacity, Knowledge and Technology Support to Build Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Developing Countries and China Climate Technology Needs Assessment Project, which were funded by the Global Environment Facility, and launched the Carbon Capture and Storage Road Map, which was assisted by the Asian Development Bank. At the 4th Round of the China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue held in May 2012, China joined the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves and signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the United Nations Fund and the Alliance Secretariat of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. China hosted workshops on carbon storage, utilization and storage technology with the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute and other relevant organizations. China's Ministry of Environmental Protection actively engaged in international cooperation in biodiversity and climate change adaptation, and organized and attended the First Plenary Meeting of the IPBES. China's National Health and Family Planning Commission has worked closely with international organizations, such as the World Health Organization, and has been involved in research pilot programs on climate change and health impact. China's State Forestry Administration has enhanced technology exchanges with the WWF, The Nature Conservancy, the Conservation International and the GIZ in addressing climate change in forestry. China's Ministry of Civil Affairs attended the 4th Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, as it has continuously scaled up cooperation with the United Nations and relevant international organizations on disaster mitigation and rescue. China's Standardization Administration actively participated in international standardization work for greenhouse gas reductions, and hosted the 3rd Plenary Meeting of the ISO Committee for CO2 Capture, Transport and Geological Storage Technology. China's Meteorological Administration attended around a dozen international meetings, including the 35th Plenary Meeting of the IPCC and took part in reviewing the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC.