Lianhe Zaobao: In recent years, you have addressed political structural reform on several occasions, and that has attracted wide attention. Why have you done so and what is the difficulty that confronts China's political structural reform?
Wen Jiabao: I have talked about political structural reform in China on many occasions in these years. And I have set out my views on this topic in full and in detail. Why have I taken such a keen interest in this matter? It is because I have been seized by a strong sense of responsibility. After the crackdown of the Gang of Four, our Party adopted resolutions on certain questions in the history of the Party since the founding of the People's Republic of China, and took the important decision of conducting reform and opening up in China. However, the vestige of the mistake of the "cultural revolution" and the impact of feudalism has yet to be fully eliminated.
And as our economy continues to develop, such new problems as income disparities, lack of credibility and corruption have occurred. I am fully aware that to resolve these problems we must press ahead with both economic structural reform and political structural reform, in particular reform in the leadership system of the Party and the state.
The reform in China has come to a critical stage. Without the success of political structural reform, it is impossible for us to fully institute economic structural reform. The gains we have made in reform and development may be lost, new problems that have cropped up in China's society cannot be fundamentally resolved and such historical tragedies as the "cultural revolution" may happen again. I believe all responsible Party members and government officials should have a sense of urgency.
I am fully aware of the difficulty of the reform. For any reform to succeed, it needs the consciousness, support, enthusiasm and creativity of the people. To conduct such reform in our big country with 1.3 billion people, we must always bear in mind China's national circumstances and develop our socialist democracy in a step-by-step manner. This is not an easy thing, but the reform can only go forward. The reform must not stand still, much less go backward, because that offers no way out.
I know that the people take an interest not only in what I have to say and what my ideals are, but also, and more importantly, in what results my efforts can bring. I want to tell you that as long as I have a single breath, I will dedicate myself to advancing China's reform and opening-up cause.