TVB of Hong Kong: Mr. premier, you visited Hong Kong in 2003 and much has changed in the past nine years since then, and we expect to see more changes in Hong Kong. How do you see the election of the new chief executive in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR)? In addition to the challenges brought by a change of government and the European debt crisis, what underlying problems do you think Hong Kong faces and how do you see the future development of Hong Kong?
Wen Jiabao: I have deep love for Hong Kong. During my visit to Hong Kong back in 2003, I quoted a line from a poem written by Huang Zunxian to express how I feel about Hong Kong. He wrote "Every inch of the rivers and mountains is as precious as gold." Fifteen years have passed since Hong Kong returned to the embrace of the motherland. What has happened in Hong Kong over the past 15 years has shown that the principle of "one country, two systems," "Hong Kong people administer Hong Kong," and a high degree of autonomy has strong vitality.
In the past 15 years, Hong Kong has traveled a momentous course. It encountered two financial crises. But under the leadership of the SAR government and with joint efforts of the Hong Kong compatriots, Hong Kong has successfully weathered the financial crises and sustained its status as an international financial center, and it still enjoys a sophisticated free market economy.
In 2011, the per-capita GDP of Hong Kong reached a record high of $34,200. And the employment situation there is positive too. Hong Kong now faces both difficulties and opportunities. The impact and pressure of the international financial crisis and the European debt crisis are still there. Moreover, Hong Kong is under the dual pressure of economic downturn and inflation.
Under such circumstances, Hong Kong must continue to work hard to develop the economy, improve people's lives, advance democracy and maintain social harmony. In particular, efforts should be made to address such major issues as social equity, price stability, people's housing needs, education and medical care on a priority basis.
The election of the fourth chief executive of the Hong Kong SAR is currently under way. I believe that as long as the principle of openness, justice and fairness is observed and relevant legal procedures are fully complied with, Hong Kong will elect a chief executive who enjoys the support of the vast majority of the people in Hong Kong.
It is true that Hong Kong now faces some difficulties, but I cannot help but recall a remark made by Deng Xiaoping. He said that there should be confidence that Hong Kong people can run Hong Kong well.
I truly hope that I will have another opportunity to visit Hong Kong to see the residents in the Amoy Garden and talk to the students of the University of Hong Kong. I would like to ask this journalist to convey my best regards to the Hong Kong compatriots.